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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 586075, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/586075
Research Article

Prevalence of Oral Lesions in Hospitalized Patients with Infectious Diseases in Northern Brazil

1São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Rua José Rocha Junqueira 13, 13045-755 Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas School of Dentistry, Rua Gonçalves Chaves 457, 96015-560 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
3Araçatuba School of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rua José Bonifácio 1193, 16015-050 Araçatuba, SP, Brazil

Received 13 August 2013; Accepted 29 October 2013; Published 15 January 2014

Academic Editors: G. Nocca and C. H. Pameijer

Copyright © 2014 Karina Gemaque et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of oral lesions in infectious-contagious diseases patients being treated in the University Hospital of the Federal University of Pará, northern Brazil. One hundred seven patients with infectious diseases were clinically investigated for oral lesions at the University Hospital of Pará, northern Brazil. From total sample, most patients were men (65.7%) with a mean age of 45.4 years. About prevalence of systemic diseases, tuberculosis was the most frequent illness, followed by AIDS, hepatitis types B and C, leishmaniasis, and meningitis. Analyzing oral manifestations, periodontal diseases and candidiasis were the most prevalent diseases in both genders, followed by recurrent aphthous ulcers, saburral tongue, simplex herpes, and squamous cell carcinoma. Of all 107 patients, only 10 males and 6 females did not present any oral manifestation. There was no statistical difference between genders with any systemic condition (). The great prevalence of oral manifestations in hospitalized patients with systemic disorder emphasizes the need of integral dental care in this context, aiming at a multidisciplinary approach of patients. Therefore, presence of some oral conditions, such as candidiasis, should be an alert to different systemic conditions, once in assistance with physicians; dentists can influence the early diagnosis and treatment.