Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 586075, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/586075
Research Article

Prevalence of Oral Lesions in Hospitalized Patients with Infectious Diseases in Northern Brazil

1São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Rua José Rocha Junqueira 13, 13045-755 Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas School of Dentistry, Rua Gonçalves Chaves 457, 96015-560 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
3Araçatuba School of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rua José Bonifácio 1193, 16015-050 Araçatuba, SP, Brazil

Received 13 August 2013; Accepted 29 October 2013; Published 15 January 2014

Academic Editors: G. Nocca and C. H. Pameijer

Copyright © 2014 Karina Gemaque et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. A. Condran and E. Crimmins-Gardner, “Public health measures and mortality in US cities in the late nineteenth century,” Human Ecology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 27–54, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. L. Armstrong, L. A. Conn, and R. W. Pinner, “Trends in infectious disease mortality in the United States during the 20th century,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 281, no. 1, pp. 61–66, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. McLean, E. Wheeler, S. Cameron, and D. Baker, “HIV and dentistry in Australia: clinical and legal issues impacting on dental care,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 256–270, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. A. Mulliken and M. J. Casner, “Oral manifestations of systemic disease,” Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 565–575, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. S. Sharp and J. T. Helsper, “Oral manifestations of systemic disease. Regimen of treatment,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 737–744, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Paim, C. Travassos, C. Almeida, L. Bahia, and J. MacInko, “The Brazilian health system: history, advances, and challenges,” The Lancet, vol. 377, no. 9779, pp. 1778–1797, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. M. Shearer, W. M. Thomson, A. Caspi, T. E. Moffitt, J. M. Broadbent, and R. Poulton, “Inter-generational continuity in periodontal health: findings from the Dunedin Family History Study,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 301–309, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. C. Chi, B. W. Neville, J. W. Krayer, and W. C. Gonsalves, “Oral manifestations of systemic disease,” American Family Physician, vol. 82, no. 11, pp. 1381–1388, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. T. Demmer, D. R. Jacobs Jr., and M. Desvarieux, “Periodontal disease and incident type 2 diabetes: results from the first national health and nutrition examination survey and its epidemiologic follow-up study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1373–1379, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. T. Parks and H. Lancaster, “Oral manifestations of systemic disease,” Dermatologic Clinics, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 171–182, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Cassone and R. Cauda, “Candida and candidiasis in HIV-infected subjects. Where commensalism, opportunistic behavior and frank pathogenicity lose their borders,” AIDS, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1457–1472, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. I. Ryder, W. Nittayananta, M. Coogan, D. Greenspan, and J. S. Greenspan, “Periodontal disease in HIV/AIDS,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 78–97, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Ceballos-Salobreña, J. M. Aguirre-Urizar, and J. V. Bagan-Sebastian, “Oral manifestations associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection in a Spanish population,” Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 523–526, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Ranganathan and R. Hemalatha, “Oral lesions in HIV infection in developing countries: an overview,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 63–68, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Arendorf and H. Holmes, “Oral manifestations associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in developing countries—are there differences from developed countries?” Oral Diseases, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 133–135, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. M. A. Butt, M. L. Chindia, V. P. Vaghela, and K. Mandalia, “Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS in a Kenyan provincial hospital,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 78, no. 8, pp. 398–401, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. L. Patton, R. G. McKaig, R. P. Strauss, and J. J. Eron Jr., “Oral manifestations of HIV in a southeast USA population,” Oral Diseases, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 164–169, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Mayanja, D. Morgan, A. Ross, and J. Whitworth, “The burden of mucocutaneous conditions and the association with HIV-1 infection in a rural community in Uganda,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 349–354, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. S. Natah, R. Häyrinen-Immonen, J. Hietanen, M. Malmström, and Y. T. Konttinen, “Immunolocalization of tumor necrosis factor-α expressing cells in recurrent aphthous ulcer lesions (RAU),” Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 19–25, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Scully, M. Gorsky, and F. Lozada-Nur, “The diagnosis and management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a consensus approach,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. 200–207, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. L. Patton, R. McKaig, R. Strauss, D. Rogers, and J. J. Eron Jr., “Changing prevalence of oral manifestations of human immuno-deficiency virus in the era of protease inhibitor therapy,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 299–304, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Ferreira, C. Noce, A. Silva Jr. et al., “Prevalence of oral manifestations of HIV infection in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 1988 to 2004,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 724–731, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Sulka, K. Simon, P. Piszko, E. Kalecińska, and M. Dominiak, “Oral mucosa alterations in chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis due to HBV or HCV infection,” Bulletin du Groupement International Pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie & Odontologie, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 6–10, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Anil and S. J. Challacombe, “Oral lesions of HIV and AIDS in Asia: an overview,” Oral Diseases, vol. 3, supplement 1, pp. S36–S40, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. A. Hodgson, “HIV-associated oral lesions: prevalence in Zambia,” Oral Diseases, vol. 3, supplement 1, pp. S46–S50, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Riveral, M. F. Correa, S. Castillo-Castillo, and N. G. Nikitakis, “Primary oral tuberculosis: a report of a case diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction,” Oral Diseases, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 46–48, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. de Mattos Camargo Grossmann, R. Teixeira, M. C. F. de Aguiar, M. D. G. de Moura, and M. A. V. do Carmo, “Oral mucosal conditions in chronic hepatitis c Brazilian patients: a cross-sectional study,” Journal of Public Health Dentistry, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 168–175, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. C. F. Motta, M. A. Lopes, F. A. Ito, R. Carlos-Bregni, O. P. de Almeida, and A. M. Roselino, “Oral leishmaniasis: a clinicopathological study of 11 cases,” Oral Diseases, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 335–340, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Scope, H. Trau, M. Bakon, N. Yarom, A. Nasereddin, and E. Schwartz, “Imported mucosal leishmaniasis in a traveler,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. e83–e87, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus