The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Effect of Probiotics Supplementation on Bone Mineral Content and Bone Mass Density

Table 2

Possible mechanisms of probiotics on bone.

Possible mechanisms

Produce SCFA PH mineral absorption via their solubilisation bone loss
Produce phytase enzyme release minerals depressed by phytate availability of minerals bone loss
Hydrolysis glycoside bonds of estrogenic food availability of minerals
Produce IPP and VPP formation Ang II from Ang I bone resorption
Produce antioxidant status osteoclast differentiation bone loss
Reduces intestinal inflammation proinflammatory cytokine levels epithelial cell inflammation calcium uptake bone volume fraction

SCFA: short chain fatty acid.
IPP: isoleucyl-prolyl-proline.
VPP: valyl-prolyl-proline.
ANG II: Angiotensin II.
ANG I: Angiotensin II.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.