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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 630320, 10 pages
Research Article

An Approach for Economic Analysis of Intermodal Transportation

1Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, 34349 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Industrial Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, 34349 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 31 January 2014; Accepted 8 July 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Amelia Bilbao Terol

Copyright © 2014 Bahri Sahin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A different intermodal transportation model based on cost analysis considering technical, economical, and operational parameters is presented. The model consists of such intermodal modes as sea-road, sea-railway, road-railway, and multimode of sea-road-railway. A case study of cargo transportation has been carried out by using the suggested model. Then, the single road transportation mode has been compared to intermodal modes in terms of transportation costs. This comparison takes into account the external costs of intermodal transportation. The research reveals that, in the short distance transportation, single transportation modes always tend to be advantageous. As the transportation distance gets longer, intermodal transportation advantages begin to be effective on the costs. In addition, the proposed method in this study leads to determining the fleet size and capacity for transportation and the appropriate transportation mode.