Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 631013, 20 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/631013
Review Article

Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Nanocellulose: Structure and Chemical Process

Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), 3rd Floor, Block A, Institute of Postgraduate Studies (IPS), University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 2 June 2014; Accepted 17 July 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Anli Geng

Copyright © 2014 H. V. Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [61 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Anil Kuruvilla Mathew, Binod Parameshwaran, Rajeev Kumar Sukumaran, and Ashok Pandey, “An Evaluation of Dilute Acid and Ammonia Fiber Explosion Pretreatment for Cellulosic Ethanol Production,” Bioresource Technology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • S. K. Ang, Adibah Y., Suraini Abd-Aziz, and Madihah M. S., “Potential Uses of Xylanase-Rich Lignocellulolytic Enzymes Cocktail for Oil Palm Trunk (OPT) Degradation and Lignocellulosic Ethanol Production,” Energy & Fuels, pp. 150805154450008, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Amanda Alves Domingos Maia, and Leandro Cardoso de Morais, “Kinetic parameters of red pepper waste as biomass to solid biofuel,” Bioresource Technology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Frank Nsaful, Francois-Xavier Collard, Marion Carrier, Johann F. Goergens, and Johannes H. Knoetze, “Lignocellulose pyrolysis with condensable volatiles quantification by thermogravimetric analysis-Thermal desorption/gas chromatography-mass spectromet,” Journal Of Analytical And Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 116, pp. 86–95, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Anuja Bhalkikar, Zane C. Gernhart, and Chin Li Cheung, “Recyclable Magnetite Nanoparticle Catalyst for One-Pot Conversion of Cellobiose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Water,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2015, pp. 1–8, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Chan-Woo Park, Bo-Yeon Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee, and Song-Yi Han, “Effect of the addition of various cellulose nanofibers on the properties of sheet of paper mulberry bast fiber,” Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 730–739, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Krzysztof Buksa, “Application of model bread baking in the examination of arabinoxylan-protein complexes in rye bread,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 148, pp. 281–289, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yang, Torre, Fortunati, Luzi, Kenny, and Puglia, “Lignocellulosic nanostructures as reinforcement in extruded and solvent casted polymeric nanocomposites: an overview,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 80, pp. 295–316, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • V. M. Nascimento, S. C. Nakanishi, G. J. M. Rocha, S. C. Rabelo, M. T. B. Pimenta, and C. E. V. Rossell, “Effect of Anthraquinone on Alkaline Pretreatment and Enzymatic Kinetics of Sugarcane Bagasse Saccharification: Laboratory and Pilot Scale Approach,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mengru Liu, Bingyun Li, Chao Du, Hailong Li, Qijun Meng, and Huaiyu Zhan, “Cellulose nanocrystals prepared by persulfate one-step oxidation of bleached bagasse pulp,” BioResources, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 4017–4024, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Gabriela P. Maitan-Alfenas, Mariana B. Oliveira, Ronaldo A.P. Nagem, Ronald P.de Vries, and Valéria M. Guimarães, “Characterization and biotechnological application of recombinant xylanases from Aspergillus nidulans,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Adepu K. Kumar, Bhumika S. Parikh, and Mohanty Pravakar, “Natural deep eutectic solvent mediated pretreatment of rice straw: bioanalytical characterization of lignin extract and enzymatic hydrolysis of pretre,” Environmental Science And Pollution Research, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 9265–9275, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Chérif Ibrahima Khalil Diop, and Jean-Michel Lavoie, “Isolation of Nanocrystalline Cellulose: A Technological Route for Valorizing Recycled Tetra Pak Aseptic Multilayered Food Packaging Wastes,” Waste and Biomass Valorization, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A. A. Mansour, A. Da Costa, T. Arnaud, T. A. Lu-Chau, Maria Fdz-Polanco, M. T. Moreira, and J. A. Cacho Rivero, “Review of lignocellulolytic enzyme activity analyses and scale-down to microplate-based assays,” Talanta, vol. 150, pp. 629–637, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ong Hui Lin, Wei Tieng Owi, Chi Hoong Chan, Chin Hua Chia, Hazizan Md Akil, Muhammad Safwan Mohaiyiddin, Sarani Zakaria, and Al Rey Villagracia, “Characterization of nanocellulose recovery from Elaeis guineensis frond for sustainable development,” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 2503–2512, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Ragab E. Abou-Zeid, Waleed K. El-Zawawy, Alain Dufresne, Abeer M. Adel, and Mohamed A. Diab, “Microfibrillated cellulose from agricultural residues. Part I: Papermaking application,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 93, pp. 161–174, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Subrata Mondal, “Preparation, properties and applications of nanocellulosic materials,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • You Wei Chen, Hwei Voon Lee, and Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, “Facile Production of Nanostructured Cellulose from Elaeis guineensis Empty Fruit Bunch via One Pot Oxidative-Hydrolysis Isolation Approach,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alberto J. Moya, Soledad Mateo, Bruno G. Fonseca, Silvia Peinado, and Sebastián Sánchez, “Improving bioethanol production from olive pruning biomass by deacetylation step prior acid hydrolysis and fermentation processes,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 220, pp. 239–245, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Du-Yeong Kim, Byoung-Min Lee, Phil-Hyun Kang, Dong Hyun Koo, and Joon-Pyo Jeun, “Preparation of nanocellulose from a kenaf core using E-beam irradiation and acid hydrolysis,” Cellulose, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 3039–3049, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jingyong Liu, Yao He, Jiacong Chen, Jian Sun, Jiahong Kuo, Limao Huang, Shuiyu Sun, KenLin Chang, and Xun'an Ning, “Thermodynamics and kinetics parameters of co-combustion between sewage sludge and water hyacinth in CO2/O2 atmosphere as biomass to solid biofuel,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 218, pp. 631–642, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Thomas J. DiChristina, Ramanan Sekar, and Hyun Dong Shin, “Direct conversion of cellulose and hemicellulose to fermentable sugars by a microbially-driven Fenton reaction,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 218, pp. 1133–1139, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, You Wei Chen, and Hwei Voon Lee, “Preparation of nanostructured cellulose via Cr(III)- and Mn(II)-transition metal salt catalyzed acid hydrolysis approach,” BioResources, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7224–7241, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Han Na Oh, Tae Kwon Lee, Woo Jun Sul, Jae Wan Park, Jee Hyun No, and Dockyu Kim, “Metagenomic SMRT Sequencing-based exploration of novel lignocellulose-degrading capability in wood detritus from Torreya Nucifera in Bija forest on Jeju island,” Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1670–1680, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Subrata Mondal, “A review on nanocellulose polymer nanocomposites,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Anupama Rangan, Manjula V. Manchiganti, Rajendran M. Thilaividankan, Satyanarayana G. Kestur, and Reghu Menon, “Novel method for the preparation of lignin-rich nanoparticles from lignocellulosic fibers,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 103, pp. 152–160, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nursyafiqah Elias, Sheela Chandren, Nursyafreena Attan, Naji Arafat Mahat, Fazira Ilyana Abdul Razak, Joazaizul Fazli Jamalis, and Roswanira Abdul Wahab, “Structure and properties of oil palm-based nanocellulose reinforced chitosan nanocomposite for efficient synthesis of butyl butyrate,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Buong Chieng, Syn Lee, Nor Ibrahim, Yoon Then, and Yuet Loo, “Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystals from Oil Palm Mesocarp Fiber,” Polymers, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 355, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Priyanka R. Sharma, Ritika Joshi, Sunil K. Sharma, and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “A Simple Approach to Prepare Carboxycellulose Nanofibers from Untreated Biomass,” Biomacromolecules, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Loghman Golbaghi, Mehrdad Khamforoush, and Tahmasb Hatami, “Carboxymethyl Cellulose Production from Sugarcane Bagasse with Steam Explosion Pulping: Experimental, Modeling, and Optimization,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Toshiyuki Takagi, Yusuke Sasaki, Keisuke Motone, Toshiyuki Shibata, Reiji Tanaka, Hideo Miyake, Tetsushi Mori, Kouichi Kuroda, and Mitsuyoshi Ueda, “Construction of bioengineered yeast platform for direct bioethanol production from alginate and mannitol,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nor Shahroon Hameed Sultan, Lethesh Kallidanthiyil Chellappan, Wan Suzaini Wan Hamzah, Leveque Jean Marc, and Mohamed Ibrahim Abdul Mutalib, “Synthesis and application of dual functionalized task specific ionic liquid for bamboo dissolution,” MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 111, pp. 03002, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Cherif Ibrahima Khalil Diop, Mehdi Tajvidi, Michael A. Bilodeau, Douglas W. Bousfield, and John F. Hunt, “Isolation of lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and application as adhesive replacement in wood composites: example of fiberboard,” Cellulose, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Vaibhav Dhyani, and Thallada Bhaskar, “A comprehensive review on the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass,” Renewable Energy, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Laddawan Potprommanee, Xiao-Qin Wang, Ye-Ju Han, Didonc Nyobe, Yen-Ping Peng, Qing Huang, Jing-Yong Liu, Yu-Ling Liao, and Ken-Lin Chang, “Characterization of a thermophilic cellulase from Geobacillus sp. HTA426, an efficient cellulase-producer on alkali pretreated of lignocellulosic biomass,” PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 4, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nur Amira Mamat Razali, Wan Mohd Hanif Wan Ya'acob, Rusaini Athirah Ahmad Rusdi, and Fauziah Abdul Aziz, “Extraction of Rice Straw Alpha Cellulose Micro/Nano Fibres,” Materials Science Forum, vol. 888, pp. 244–247, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Abdullah Amru Indera Luthfi, Shareena Fairuz Abdul Manaf, Rosli Md Illias, Shuhaida Harun, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, and Jamaliah Md Jahim, “Biotechnological route for sustainable succinate production utilizing oil palm frond and kenaf as potential carbon sources,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jie Yu, Nigel Paterson, John Blamey, and Marcos Millan, “Cellulose, xylan and lignin interactions during pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass,” Fuel, vol. 191, pp. 140–149, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Derval S. Rosa, José R.N. Macedo, and Daniel B. Rocha, “Green recoating of cotton fiber by different starching methods,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, vol. 231, no. 1-2, pp. 82–88, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rajesh Kumar, Rajeev K. Sharma, and Anirudh P. Singh, “Cellulose based grafted biosorbents - Journey from lignocellulose biomass to toxic metal ions sorption applications - A review,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bryon S. Donohoe, Jordan F. Russell, Daehwan Chung, Roman Brunecky, Janet Westpheling, Sarah A. Teter, Michael E. Himmel, Yannick J. Bomble, John M. Yarbrough, Ashutosh Mittal, Brian R. Scott, Hanshu Ding, and Larry E. Taylor, “The Multi Domain Caldicellulosiruptor bescii CelA Cellulase Excels at the Hydrolysis of Crystalline Cellulose,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ngoc A. Nguyen, Kelly M. Meek, Christopher C. Bowland, Sietske H. Barnes, and Amit K. Naskar, “An Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Lignin Renewable Skin with Programmable and Switchable Electrical Conductivity for Stress/Strain-Sensing Applications,” Macromolecules, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • F.V. Ferreira, M. Mariano, S.C. Rabelo, R.F. Gouveia, and L.M.F. Lona, “Isolation and surface modification of cellulose nanocrystals from sugarcane bagasse waste: from a micro- to a nano-scale view,” Applied Surface Science, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, You Wei Chen, and Hwei Voon Lee, “Investigation of optimal conditions for production of highly crystalline nanocellulose with increased yield via novel Cr(III)-catalyzed hydrolysis: Response surface methodology,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 178, pp. 57–68, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Septi Pujiasih, Kurnia, Abu Masykur, Triana Kusumaningsih, and Ozi Adi Saputra, “Silylation and Characterization of Microcrystalline Cellulose Isolated from Indonesian Native Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mazlita Yahya, You Wei Chen, Hwei Voon Lee, and Wan Hasamudin Wan Hassan, “Reuse of Selected Lignocellulosic and Processed Biomasses as Sustainable Sources for the Fabrication of Nanocellulose via Ni(II)-Catalyzed Hydrolysis Approach: A Comparative Study,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • O.L.Y. Momoh, and S. Ouki, “Development of a novel fractal-like kinetic model for elucidating the effect of particle size on the mechanism of hydrolysis and biogas yield from ligno-cellulosic biomass,” Renewable Energy, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sung-Jun An, So-Hyoun Lee, Jung-Bo Huh, Sung Jeong, Jong-Seok Park, Hui-Jeong Gwon, Eun-Sook Kang, Chang-Mo Jeong, and Youn-Mook Lim, “Preparation and Characterization of Resorbable Bacterial Cellulose Membranes Treated by Electron Beam Irradiation for Guided Bone Regeneration,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 2236, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sampa Maiti, Gorka Gallastegui, Gayatri Suresh, Saurabh Jyoti Sarma, Satinder Kaur Brar, Patrick Drogui, Yann LeBihan, Gerardo Buelna, Mausam Verma, and Carlos Ricardo Soccol, “Hydrolytic pre-treatment methods for enhanced biobutanol production from agro-industrial wastes,” Bioresource Technology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • I.F. Pinheiro, F.V. Ferreira, D.H.S. Souza, R.F. Gouveia, L.M.F. Lona, A.R. Morales, and L.H.I. Mei, “Mechanical, rheological and degradation properties of PBAT nanocomposites reinforced by functionalized cellulose nanocrystals,” European Polymer Journal, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Miroslava Zichová, Eva Stratilová, Jiřina Omelková, Renáta Vadkertiová, Libor Babák, and Michal Rosenberg, “Production of ethanol from waste paper using immobilized yeasts,” Chemical Papers, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 553–561, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Panpan Li, Juho Antti Sirviö, Antti Haapala, and Henrikki Liimatainen, “Cellulose Nanofibrils from Nonderivatizing Urea-Based Deep Eutectic Solvent Pretreatments,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 2846–2855, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Herman Jacobus Cornelis Voorwald, Maria Odila Hilário Cioffi, Andressa Cecília Milanese, Heitor L. Ornaghi, and Kelly Cristina Coelho de Carvalho Benini, “Characterization of a New Lignocellulosic Fiber from Brazil: Imperata brasiliensis (Brazilian Satintail) as an Alternative Source for Nanocellulose Extraction,” Journal of Natural Fibers, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 112–125, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Song Yi Han, Chan-Woo Park, Nam-Hun Kim, and Seung-Hwan Lee, “Co-solvent system of [EMIM]Ac and DMF to improve the enzymatic saccharification of pussy willow (Salix gracilistyla Miq.),” Holzforschung, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Melissa Camacho, Leonel Bustamante Carballo, Brian Alfaro, Yendry Regina Corrales Ureña, Mary Lopretti, Galia Moreno, and Jose Roberto Vega Baudrit, “Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose derived from Pineapple peel residues,” Journal of Renewable Materials, vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 271–279, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sivakumar Gowthaman, Kazunori Nakashima, and Satoru Kawasaki, “A State-of-the-Art Review on Soil Reinforcement Technology Using Natural Plant Fiber Materials: Past Findings, Present Trends and Future Directions,” Materials, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 553, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David Jefferson Cardoso Araújo, Ana Vera Machado, and Maria Cândida Lobo Guerra Vilarinho, “Availability and Suitability of Agroindustrial Residues as Feedstock for Cellulose-Based Materials: Brazil Case Study,” Waste and Biomass Valorization, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mario Guimarães Junior, Fábio Gomes Teixeira, and Gustavo Henrique Denzin Tonoli, “Effect of the nano-fibrillation of bamboo pulp on the thermal, structural, mechanical and physical properties of nanocomposites based on starch/poly(vinyl alcohol) blend,” Cellulose, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • C.O. Aniagor, and M.C. Menkiti, “Kinetics and mechanistic description of adsorptive uptake of crystal violet dye by lignified elephant grass complexed isolate,” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Malladi Rajinipriya, Malladi Nagalakshmaiah, Mathieu Robert, and Saïd Elkoun, “Importance of Agricultural and Industrial Waste in the Field of Nanocellulose and Recent Industrial Developments of Wood Based Nanocellulose: A Review,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Denise Maria Lenz, Douglas Milan Tedesco, Paulo Henrique Camani, and Derval dos Santos Rosa, “Multiple Reprocessing Cycles of Corn Starch-Based Biocomposites Reinforced with Curauá Fiber,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar