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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 670934, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/670934
Research Article

Novel Approaches to Improve Iris Recognition System Performance Based on Local Quality Evaluation and Feature Fusion

1College of Computer Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2Key Laboratory of Symbolic Computation and Knowledge Engineering of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
3College of Software, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China
4College of Physics and Electronic Information, Wenzhou University, Zhejiang 325035, China

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 15 December 2013; Published 12 February 2014

Academic Editors: M. Omid and L. Sanchez

Copyright © 2014 Ying Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

For building a new iris template, this paper proposes a strategy to fuse different portions of iris based on machine learning method to evaluate local quality of iris. There are three novelties compared to previous work. Firstly, the normalized segmented iris is divided into multitracks and then each track is estimated individually to analyze the recognition accuracy rate (RAR). Secondly, six local quality evaluation parameters are adopted to analyze texture information of each track. Besides, particle swarm optimization (PSO) is employed to get the weights of these evaluation parameters and corresponding weighted coefficients of different tracks. Finally, all tracks’ information is fused according to the weights of different tracks. The experimental results based on subsets of three public and one private iris image databases demonstrate three contributions of this paper. (1) Our experimental results prove that partial iris image cannot completely replace the entire iris image for iris recognition system in several ways. (2) The proposed quality evaluation algorithm is a self-adaptive algorithm, and it can automatically optimize the parameters according to iris image samples’ own characteristics. (3) Our feature information fusion strategy can effectively improve the performance of iris recognition system.