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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 670953, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/670953
Research Article

Human Body 3D Posture Estimation Using Significant Points and Two Cameras

Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan

Received 22 November 2013; Accepted 29 December 2013; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editors: Y. Deng and X. Ding

Copyright © 2014 Chia-Feng Juang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper proposes a three-dimensional (3D) human posture estimation system that locates 3D significant body points based on 2D body contours extracted from two cameras without using any depth sensors. The 3D significant body points that are located by this system include the head, the center of the body, the tips of the feet, the tips of the hands, the elbows, and the knees. First, a linear support vector machine- (SVM-) based segmentation method is proposed to distinguish the human body from the background in red, green, and blue (RGB) color space. The SVM-based segmentation method uses not only normalized color differences but also included angle between pixels in the current frame and the background in order to reduce shadow influence. After segmentation, 2D significant points in each of the two extracted images are located. A significant point volume matching (SPVM) method is then proposed to reconstruct the 3D significant body point locations by using 2D posture estimation results. Experimental results show that the proposed SVM-based segmentation method shows better performance than other gray level- and RGB-based segmentation approaches. This paper also shows the effectiveness of the 3D posture estimation results in different postures.