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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 671038, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/671038
Research Article

Spatiotemporal Access Model Based on Reputation for the Sensing Layer of the IoT

1Institute of Information Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
2Beijing Key Laboratory of IOT Information Security, Beijing 100093, China
3Guangxi Key Laboratory of Trusted Software, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China

Received 13 March 2014; Accepted 29 April 2014; Published 6 August 2014

Academic Editor: Fei Yu

Copyright © 2014 Yunchuan Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Access control is a key technology in providing security in the Internet of Things (IoT). The mainstream security approach proposed for the sensing layer of the IoT concentrates only on authentication while ignoring the more general models. Unreliable communications and resource constraints make the traditional access control techniques barely meet the requirements of the sensing layer of the IoT. In this paper, we propose a model that combines space and time with reputation to control access to the information within the sensing layer of the IoT. This model is called spatiotemporal access control based on reputation (STRAC). STRAC uses a lattice-based approach to decrease the size of policy bases. To solve the problem caused by unreliable communications, we propose both nondeterministic authorizations and stochastic authorizations. To more precisely manage the reputation of nodes, we propose two new mechanisms to update the reputation of nodes. These new approaches are the authority-based update mechanism (AUM) and the election-based update mechanism (EUM). We show how the model checker UPPAAL can be used to analyze the spatiotemporal access control model of an application. Finally, we also implement a prototype system to demonstrate the efficiency of our model.