The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Ruminal Acidosis in Feedlot: From Aetiology to Prevention

Table 2

Main causes of ruminal acidosis in feedlots.

High nonstructural carbohydrates intake
 High grain-based diet
 Grain processing (small particles)
 Grain combination of cereals inadequate (type and amount)
Inadequate ruminal buffers capacity
 Increase in volatile fatty acids (VFA)
 Loss in salivation capacity (including chewing activity)
 Low crude protein in the diet
 Low neutral detergent fiber (NDF)
Bad bunk management
 Interruptions in normal feed intake patterns
 Nutrition inadequate (including diet changes)
 Stressors

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