Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 707943, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/707943
Research Article

Assessing the Impact of Policy Changes in the Icelandic Cod Fishery Using a Hybrid Simulation Model

1Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Iceland, Hjarðarhagi 2-6, 107 Reykjavík, Iceland
2Matís, Icelandic Food and Biotechnology Research, Vínlandsleið 12, 113 Reykjavík, Iceland
3Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 4 November 2013; Accepted 9 January 2014; Published 24 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Cao, J. H. Janse, and S. Nautiyal

Copyright © 2014 Sigríður Sigurðardóttir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. B. Rozenfeld and A. P. A. Brazilian, “Perspective on Remanufacturing,” in Proceedings of the 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, Berlin, Germany, 2013.
  2. A. H. Maslow, “A theory of human motivation,” Psychological Review, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 370–396, 1943. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. FAO, “The State of Food Insecurity in the World,” 2011, http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/i2330e/i2330e.pdf.
  4. FAO, The State of the World's Fisheries and Aquaculture, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2012.
  5. Statistics Iceland, Export of Marine Products, 2013.
  6. T. Sigfusson, R. Arnason, and K. Morrissey, “The economic importance of the Icelandic fisheries cluster—Understanding the role of fisheries in a small economy,” Marine Policy, vol. 39, pp. 154–161, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Árnason, “The icelandic individual transferable quota system: a descriptive account,” Marine Resource Economics, vol. 8, pp. 201–218, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. Arnason, “Property rights in fisheries: Iceland's experience with ITQs,” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 243–264, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. Eythórsson, “A decade of ITQ-management in Icelandic fisheries: consolidation without consensus,” Marine Policy, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 483–492, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture, The Fisheries Management Act, 2006.
  11. L. T. Kell, I. Mosqueira, P. Grosjean et al., “FLR: an open-source framework for the evaluation and development of management strategies,” ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 640–646, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. Pauly, V. Christensen, and C. Walters, “Ecopath, Ecosim, and Ecospace as tools for evaluating ecosystem impact of fisheries,” ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 697–706, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. A. Fulton, J. S. Link, I. C. Kaplan et al., “Lessons in modelling and management of marine ecosystems: the Atlantis experience,” Fish and Fisheries, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 171–188, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Begley and D. Howell, “An Overview of Gadget, the Globally Applicable Area-Disaggregated General Ecosystem Toolbox,” ICES Document CM 2004/FF:13, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Arnason and B. Koholka, “Bemmfish 1. 0. M-country, N-fleet, L-stock fishery: A modelling outline,” BEMMFISH project, pp. 14-17, 2003.
  16. R. G. Dudley, “A basis for understanding fishery management dynamics,” System Dynamics Review, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–29, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. J. Garrity, “System Dynamics Modeling of individual transferable quota fisheries and suggestions for rebuilding stocks,” Sustainability, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 184–215, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Bald, A. Sinquin, A. Borja et al., “A system dynamics model for the management of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams and Reeve, 1850) in the Bay of Arcachon (France),” Ecological Modelling, vol. 220, no. 21, pp. 2828–2837, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Bald, A. Borja, and I. Muxika, “A system dynamics model for the management of the gooseneck barnacle (Pollicipes pollicipes) in the marine reserve of Gaztelugatxe (Northern Spain),” Ecological Modelling, vol. 194, no. 1–3, pp. 306–315, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Yndestad and A. Stene, “System dynamics of the Barents Sea capelin,” ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 1155–1166, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. BenDor, J. Scheffran, and B. Hannon, “Ecological and economic sustainability in fishery management: a multi-agent model for understanding competition and cooperation,” Ecological Economics, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 1061–1073, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Ziegler and P.-A. Hansson, “Emissions from fuel combustion in Swedish cod fishery,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 303–314, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. F. Ziegler, P. Nilsson, B. Mattsson, and Y. Walther, “Life Cycle Assessment of frozen cod fillets including fishery-specific environmental impacts,” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 39–47, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Ziegler and D. Valentinsson, “Environmental life cycle assessment of Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) caught along the Swedish west coast by creels and conventional trawls—LCA methodology with case study,” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 487–497, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Thrane, “LCA of Danish fish products: new methods and insights,” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 66–74, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. B. Guttormsdottir, Life Cycle Assessment on Icelandic Cod Product Based on Two Different Fishing Methods, Univerity of Iceland, 2009.
  27. G. Finnveden, M. Z. Hauschild, T. Ekvall et al., “Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 1–21, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Reap, B. Bras, P. J. Newcomb, and C. Carmichael, “Improving life cycle assessment by including spatial, dynamic and place-based modeling,” in Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pp. 77–83, New York, NY, USA, September 2003. View at Scopus
  29. S. Thiede, C. Herrmann, and S. Kara, “State of research and an innovative approach for simulating energy flows of manufacturing systems,” in Glocalized Solutions For Sustainability in Manufacturing, J. Hesselbach and C. Herrmann, Eds., pp. 335–340, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Heilala, S. Vatanen, H. Tonteri et al., “Simulation-based sustainable manufacturing system design,” in Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference (WSC '08), pp. 1922–1930, December 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. Solding, D. Petku, and N. Mardan, “Using simulation for more sustainable production systems: methodologies and case studies,” International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 111–122, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. V. Wohlgemuth, B. Page, and W. Kreutzer, “Combining discrete event simulation and material flow analysis in a component-based approach to industrial environmental protection,” Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1607–1617, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Jödicke, O. Zenklusen, A. Weidenhaupt, and K. Hungerbühler, “Developing environmentally-sound processes in the chemical industry: a case study on pharmaceutical intermediates,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 159–166, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Azapagic and R. Clift, “Life cycle assessment as a tool for improving process performance: a case study on boron products,” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 133–142, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Kheawhom and M. Hirao, “Decision support tools for environmentally benign process design under uncertainty,” Computers and Chemical Engineering, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 1715–1723, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. K. Gäbel and A.-M. Tillman, “Simulating operational alternatives for future cement production,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 13, no. 13-14, pp. 1246–1257, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. C. J. Ingvarsson, “Flow simulations of industrial food production: a study fulfilled within the research project REELIV,” in Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2006, Swedish.
  38. D. J. K. Persson, “Flow Simulation of Food Industry Production,” in Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  39. O. F. P. Alvemark, “Flow simulations of industrial food production, Cultured dairy products: a study fulfilled within the research project REELIV,” in Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2007, Swedish.
  40. Statistics Iceland, Catch By Fishing Gear and Species 1992–2011, 2013.
  41. Statistics Iceland, Financial Accounts of Fisheries 1997–2011, 2013.
  42. S. Agnarsson, “Útgerð smábáta: Krókabátar og línuívilnun,” 2012 http://hhi.hi.is/sites/hhi.hi.is/files/C12_01_krokabatar.pdf.
  43. Iceland: Friðun viðkvæmra hafssvæða við Ísland (e. Conservation of vulnerable ocean environment around Iceland), 2004.
  44. J. W. Valdemarsen, Modifying Fishing Gear to Achieve Ecosystem Objectives in Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem, FAO, 2003.
  45. Icelandic Marine Research Instistute, “State of Marine Stocks in Icelandic Waters 2011/2012, Prospects for the Quota Year 2012/2013,” 2012.
  46. C. W. Clark, Bioeconomic Modelling and Fisheries Management, John Wiley and Sons, 1985.
  47. Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture, “, Áætlun um stjórn veiða úr íslenska þorskstofninum nýtingarstefna íslenskra stjórnvalda (e. A management plan for the Icelandic cod stock. Utilisation policy of Icelandic authorities),” 2010.
  48. Directorate of Fisheries (Iceland), “Allocated Catch Quotas 2012/2013,” 2012.
  49. R. Arnason, L. K. Sandal, S. I. Steinshamn, and N. Vestergaard, “Optimal feedback controls: Comparative evaluation of the cod fisheries in Denmark, Iceland, and Norway,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 531–542, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus