Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 785175, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/785175
Research Article

Squatting-Related Tibiofemoral Shear Reaction Forces and a Biomechanical Rationale for Femoral Component Loosening

1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, 20 Symonds Street, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
2Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, 70 Symonds Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
3Department of Engineering Science, University of Auckland, 70 Symonds Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand

Received 12 March 2014; Accepted 15 March 2014; Published 20 May 2014

Academic Editor: Shunji Hirokawa

Copyright © 2014 Ashvin Thambyah and Justin Fernandez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. W. Kim, A. Makani, R. Choudhury, A. F. Kamath, and G. C. Lee, “Patient-reported activity levels after successful treatment of infected total knee arthroplasty,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, no. 8, supplement, pp. 81–85, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. M. Weiss, P. C. Noble, M. A. Conditt et al., “What functional activities are important to patients with knee replacements?” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 404, pp. 172–188, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. K. Park, K. S. Shin, C. B. Chang, S. J. Kim, and T. K. Kim, “Functional disabilities and issues of concern in female Asian patients before TKA,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 461, pp. 143–152, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. “WHO final report of the project, medical devices: managing the mismatch,” the First WHO Global Forum on Medical Devices, 2010, http://www.who.int/medical_devices/access/en/.
  5. W. J. Long and G. R. Scuderi, “High-flexion total knee arthroplasty,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 23, no. 7, supplement, pp. 6–10, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. S. Han, S.-B. Kang, and K. S. Yoon, “High incidence of loosening of the femoral component in legacy posterior stabilised-flex total knee replacement,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 89, no. 11, pp. 1457–1461, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W.-H. Jung, J.-H. Jeong, Y.-C. Ha, Y.-K. Lee, and K.-H. Koo, “High early failure rate of the Columbus posterior stabilized high-flexion knee prosthesis,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 470, no. 5, pp. 1472–1481, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Zelle, D. Janssen, J. van Eijden, M. de Waal Malefijt, and N. Verdonschot, “Does high-flexion total knee arthroplasty promote early loosening of the femoral component?” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 976–983, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. K. Song, S. J. Park, T. R. Yoon, K. S. Park, H. Y. Seo, and J. K. Seon, “Hi-flexion and gender-specific designs fail to provide significant increases in range of motion during cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1081–1084, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C. W. Han, I. H. Yang, W. S. Lee, K. K. Park, and C. D. Han, “Evaluation of postoperative range of motion and functional outcomes after cruciate-retaining and posterior-stabilized high-flexion total knee arthroplasty,” Yonsei Medical Journal, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 794–800, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S.-D. Cho, Y.-S. Youm, and K.-B. Park, “Three- to six-year follow-up results after high-flexion total knee arthroplasty: can we allow passive deep knee bending?” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 899–903, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Thambyah, “How critical are the tibiofemoral joint reaction forces during frequent squatting in Asian populations?” The Knee, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 286–294, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Tamaki, T. Tomita, T. Watanabe, T. Yamazaki, H. Yoshikawa, and K. Sugamoto, “In vivo kinematic analysis of a high-flexion, posterior-stabilized, mobile-bearing knee prosthesis in deep knee bending motion,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 972–978, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Bollars, J.-P. Luyckx, B. Innocenti, L. Labey, J. Victor, and J. Bellemans, “Femoral component loosening in high-flexion total knee replacement: an in vitro comparison of high-flexion versus conventional designs,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 1355–1361, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. A. van de Groes, M. C. de Waal Malefijt, and N. Verdonschot, “Influence of preparation techniques to the strength of the bone-cement interface behind the flange in total knee arthroplasty,” The Knee, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 186–190, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. Nagura, H. Matsumoto, Y. Kiriyama, A. Chaudhari, and T. P. Andriacchi, “Tibiofemoral joint contact force in deep knee flexion and its consideration in knee osteoarthritis and joint replacement,” Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 305–313, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Thambyah, J. C. H. Goh, and S. Das De, “Contact stresses in the knee joint in deep flexion,” Medical Engineering and Physics, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 329–335, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Nakagawa, Y. Kadoya, S. Todo et al., “Tibiofemoral movement 3: full flexion in the living knee studied by MRI,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 1199–1200, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. A. R. Freeman and V. Pinskerova, “The movement of the knee studied by magnetic resonance imaging,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 410, pp. 35–43, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. W. Fernandez, P. Mithraratne, S. F. Thrupp, M. H. Tawhai, and P. J. Hunter, “Anatomically based geometric modelling of the musculo-skeletal system and other organs,” Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 139–155, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. W. Fernandez and P. J. Hunter, “An anatomically based patient-specific finite element model of patella articulation: towards a diagnostic tool,” Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 20–38, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. J. Kim, J. W. Fernandez, M. Akbarshahi, J. P. Walter, B. J. Fregly, and M. G. Pandy, “Evaluation of predicted knee-joint muscle forces during gait using an instrumented knee implant,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1326–1331, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Beillas, G. Papaioannou, S. Tashman, and K. H. Yang, “A new method to investigate in vivo knee behavior using a finite element model of the lower limb,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1019–1030, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Zhang, L. T. Brown, L. A. Blunt, and S. M. Barrans, “Influence of femoral stem surface finish on the apparent static shear strength at the stem-cement interface,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 96–104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Beksac, N. A. Taveras, A. G. D. Valle, and E. A. Salvati, “Surface finish mechanics explain different clinical survivorship of cemented femoral stems for total hip arthroplasty,” Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 407–422, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. L. Ohashi, A. C. Romero, P. D. McGowan, W. J. Maloney, and R. H. Dauskardt, “Adhesion and reliability of interfaces in cemented total joint arthroplasties,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 705–714, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Zelle, D. Janssen, S. Peeters, C. Brouwer, and N. Verdonschot, “Mixed-mode failure strength of implant-cement interface specimens with varying surface roughness,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 780–783, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. A. Mann, F. W. Werner, and D. C. Ayers, “Mechanical strength of the cement-bone interface is greater in shear than in tension,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1251–1254, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. van de Groes, M. de Waal-Malefijt, and N. Verdonschot, “Probability of mechanical loosening of the femoral component in high flexion total knee arthroplasty can be reduced by rather simple surgical techniques,” The Knee, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 209–215, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. J. P. Davies, D. O. O'Connor, J. A. Greer, and W. H. Harris, “Comparison of the mechanical properties of Simplex P, Zimmer Regular, and LVC bone cements,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 719–730, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. P. Davies, D. W. Burke, D. O. O'Connor, and W. H. Harris, “Comparison of the fatigue characteristics of centrifuged and uncentrifuged Simplex P bone cement,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 366–371, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. Zhang, D. J. Hunter, M. C. Nevitt et al., “Association of squatting with increased prevalence of radiographic tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis: the Beijing osteoarthritis study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1187–1192, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. O. Kuzmychov, C. Koplin, R. Jaeger, H. Büchner, and U. Gopp, “Physical aging and the creep behavior of acrylic bone cements,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research B: Applied Biomaterials, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 910–917, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. G. Kim, M. A. Miller, and K. A. Mann, “Creep dominates tensile fatigue damage of the cement-bone interface,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 633–640, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  35. T. L. Norman, V. Kish, J. D. Blaha, T. A. Gruen, and K. Hustosky, “Creep characteristics of hand- and vacuum-mixed acrylic bone cement at elevated stress levels,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 495–501, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  36. E. I. Gates, D. R. Carter, and W. H. Harris, “Tensile fatigue failure of acrylic bone cement,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 393–397, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. Lewis, “Viscoelastic properties of injectable bone cements for orthopaedic applications: state-of-the-art review,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 171–191, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  38. G. Lewis, “Properties of acrylic bone cement: state of the art review,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 155–182, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  39. H. M. Frost, “Wolff's Law and bone's structural adaptations to mechanical usage: an overview for clinicians,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 175–188, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus