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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 828131, 34 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/828131
Review Article

Carbon Dioxide Separation from Flue Gases: A Technological Review Emphasizing Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
2Catalyst Research Group, Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, National Petrochemical Company, P.O. Box 1435884711, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Petroleum Engineering, Petroleum University of Technology, P.O. Box 6198144471, Ahwaz, Iran

Received 17 August 2013; Accepted 31 October 2013; Published 17 February 2014

Academic Editors: D.-W. Han and V. A. Rogov

Copyright © 2014 Mohammad Songolzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as CO2 in the atmosphere is a global warming. Human activities are a major cause of increased CO2 concentration in atmosphere, as in recent decade, two-third of greenhouse effect was caused by human activities. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a major strategy that can be used to reduce GHGs emission. There are three methods for CCS: pre-combustion capture, oxy-fuel process, and post-combustion capture. Among them, post-combustion capture is the most important one because it offers flexibility and it can be easily added to the operational units. Various technologies are used for CO2 capture, some of them include: absorption, adsorption, cryogenic distillation, and membrane separation. In this paper, various technologies for post-combustion are compared and the best condition for using each technology is identified.