Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 834931, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/834931
Review Article

Brain AVMs: An Endovascular, Surgical, and Radiosurgical Update

1Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Endovascular Neurosurgery/Interventional Neuroradiology, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00100 Rome, Italy
2Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Neurosurgery, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy
3Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Neuroradiology, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy
4Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Interventional Neuroradiology, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy

Received 12 June 2014; Accepted 1 August 2014; Published 21 October 2014

Academic Editor: Robert M. Starke

Copyright © 2014 Simone Peschillo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. G. Fleetwood and G. K. Steinberg, “Arteriovenous malformations,” The Lancet, vol. 359, no. 9309, pp. 863–873, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. R. M. Friedlander, “Clinical practice. Arteriovenous malformations of the brain,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356, pp. 2704–2712, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. B. A. Gross and R. Du, “Natural history of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 437–443, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. C. J. Graf, G. E. Perret, and J. C. Torner, “Bleeding from cerebral arteriovenous malformations as part of their natural history,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 331–337, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. R. Plasencia and A. Santillan, “Embolization and radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations,” Surgical Neurology International, vol. 3, article 90, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Kim, L. Pawlikowska, Y. Chen, H. Su, G.-Y. Yang, and W. L. Young, “Brain arteriovenous malformation biology relevant to hemorrhage and implication for therapeutic development,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. S95–S97, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Hashimoto, M. M. Matsumoto, J. F. Li, M. T. Lawton, and W. L. Young, “Suppression of MMP-9 by doxycycline in brain arteriovenous malformations,” BMC Neurology, vol. 5, article 1, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. van Beijnum, H. B. van der Worp, D. R. Buis et al., “Treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 306, no. 18, pp. 2011–2019, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. F. Spetzler and N. A. Martin, “A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 476–483, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. F. Spetzler and F. A. Ponce, “A 3-tier classification of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clinical article,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 842–849, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. R. O. Sanchez-Mejia, M. W. McDermott, J. Tan, H. Kim, W. L. Young, and M. Lawton, “Radiosurgery facilitates resection of brain arteriovenous malformations and reduces surgical morbidity,” Neurosurgery, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 231–238, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. P. Mohr, M. K. Parides, C. Stapf et al., “Medical management with or without interventional therapy for unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (ARUBA): a multicentre, non-blinded, randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 383, no. 9917, pp. 614–621, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Hartmann, H. Mast, J. P. Mohr et al., “Determinants of staged endovascular and surgical treatment outcome of brain arteriovenous malformations,” Stroke, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 2431–2435, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Fiorella, F. C. Albuquerque, H. H. Woo, C. G. McDougall, and P. A. Rasmussen, “The role of neuroendovascular therapy for the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations,” Neurosurgery, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. S3-158–S3-162, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. D. Killory, P. Nakaji, L. F. Gonzales, F. A. Ponce, S. D. Wait, and R. F. Spetzler, “Prospective evaluation of surgical microscope-integrated intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green angiography during cerebral arteriovenous malformation surgery,” Neurosurgery, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 456–462, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Peschillo and R. Delfini, “Endovascular neurosurgery in Europe and in Italy: what is in the future?” World Neurosurgery, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 248–251, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Consoli, L. Renieri, S. Nappini, N. Limbucci, and S. Mangiafico, “Endovascular treatment of deep hemorrhagic brain arteriovenous malformations with transvenous onyx embolization,” The American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1805–1811, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. I. Kessler, R. Riva, M. Ruggiero, M. Manisor, M. Al-Khawaldeh, and C. Mounayer, “Successful transvenous embolization of brain arteriovenous malformations using onyx in five consecutive patients,” Neurosurgery, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 184–193, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. F. Massoud, “Transvenous retrograde nidus sclerotherapy under controlled hypotension (TRENSH): hemodynamic analysis and concept validation in a pig arteriovenous malformation model,” Neurosurgery, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 332–342, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Chapot, P. Stracke, A. Velasco et al., “The pressure cooker technique for the treatment of brain AVMs,” Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 87–91, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. B. D. Jagadeesan, M. Grigoryan, A. E. Hassan, A. W. Grande, and R. P. Tummala, “Endovascular balloon-assisted embolization of intracranial and cervical arteriovenous malformations using dual-lumen coaxial balloon microcatheters and onyx,” Neurosurgery, vol. 73, pp. ons238–ons243, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. H. Kano, D. Kondziolka, J. C. Flickinger et al., “Stereotactic radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations, part 3: outcome predictors and risks after repeat radiosurgery: clinical article,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 21–32, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Karlsson, C. Lindquist, and L. Steiner, “Prediction of obliteration after gamma knife surgery for cerebral arteriovenous malformations,” Neurosurgery, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 425–431, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Kano, L. D. Lunsford, J. C. Flickinger et al., “Stereotactic radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations. Part 1. Management of Spetzler-Martin Grade I and II arteriovenous malformations,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. A. Rubin, A. Brunswick, H. Riina, and D. Kondziolka, “Advances in radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations of the brain,” Neurosurgery, vol. 74, supplement 1, pp. S50–S59, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. L. D. Lunsford, A. Niranjan, H. Kano, and D. Kondziolka, “The technical evolution of gamma knife radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations,” Progress in Neurological Surgery, vol. 27, pp. 22–34, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus