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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 836513, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/836513
Research Article

3D Analysis of D-RaCe and Self-Adjusting File in Removing Filling Materials from Curved Root Canals Instrumented and Filled with Different Techniques

1Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkey
2Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, 07058 Antalya, Turkey

Received 2 May 2014; Revised 29 June 2014; Accepted 30 June 2014; Published 9 July 2014

Academic Editor: Gianluca Plotino

Copyright © 2014 Neslihan Simsek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of D-RaCe files and a self-adjusting file (SAF) system in removing filling material from curved root canals instrumented and filled with different techniques by using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). The mesial roots of 20 extracted mandibular first molars were used. Root canals (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual) were instrumented with SAF or Revo-S. The canals were then filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer using cold lateral compaction or thermoplasticized injectable techniques. The root fillings were first removed with D-RaCe (Step 1), followed by Step 2, in which a SAF system was used to remove the residual fillings in all groups. Micro-CT scans were used to measure the volume of residual filling after root canal filling, reinstrumentation with D-RaCe (Step 1), and reinstrumentation with SAF (Step 2). Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests. There were no statistically significant differences between filling techniques in the canals instrumented with SAF ( ) and Revo-S ( ). The amount of remaining filling material was similar in all groups ( ); all of the instrumentation techniques left filling residue inside the canals. However, the additional use of SAF was more effective than using D-RaCe alone.