Table 1: Soil characteristics of the field experiments conducted in Shihezi in 2011 and 2012. Values are the mean ± standard error (SE); the SE was calculated across five replicates in both years and averaged for the nonflooded irrigation and conventional flooding sites.


Clay (%)
Silt (%)
Sand (%)
Olsen-P (mg kg−1)
Organic matter (mg kg−1)
Alkaline-N (mg kg−1)
Available potassium (mg kg−1)
Soil saturation volume moisture content (%)