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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 857363, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/857363
Research Article

Phytochemical and Biological Activities of Four Wild Medicinal Plants

1Agricultural Chemistry Department, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
2Department of Chemistry, Islamia College Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000, Pakistan
3Department of Chemistry, Government College Ara Khel, FR Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 26000, Pakistan
4Riyadh Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh 11437, Saudi Arabia
5Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University, Helwan 11790, Egypt
6UoN Chair of Oman’s Medicinal Plants and Marine Natural Products, University of Nizwa, P.O. Box 33, Birkat Al Mauz, 616 Nizwa, Oman

Received 20 June 2014; Revised 16 August 2014; Accepted 2 September 2014; Published 13 October 2014

Academic Editor: Paula B. Andrade

Copyright © 2014 Anwar Ali Shad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The fruits of four wild plants, namely, Capparis decidua, Ficus carica, Syzygium cumini, and Ziziphus jujuba, are separately used as traditional dietary and remedial agents in remote areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The results of our study on these four plants revealed that the examined fruits were a valuable source of nutraceuticals and exhibited good level of antimicrobial activity. The fruits of these four investigated plants are promising source of polyphenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, and saponins. These four plants' fruits are good sources of iron, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, and chromium. It was also observed that these fruits are potential source of antioxidant agent and the possible reason could be that these samples had good amount of phytochemicals. Hence, the proper propagation, conservation, and chemical investigation are recommended so that these fruits should be incorporated for the eradication of food and health related problems.