Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 913197, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/913197
Research Article

Properties of Vulcanized Polyisoprene Rubber Composites Filled with Opalized White Tuff and Precipitated Silica

1Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, University of Priština, Lole Ribara 29, 38220 Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia
2Tigar, Nikole Pašića 213, 18300 Pirot, Serbia
3Institute of Nuclear Science Vinča, University of Belgrade, Mike Petrovića Alasa 12-14, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

Received 24 August 2013; Accepted 3 December 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editors: T. H. D. Flores-Sahagun and F. Sen

Copyright © 2014 Suzana Samaržija-Jovanović et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Marković, S. Samaržija-Jovanović, V. Jovanović, and M. Marinović-Cincović, “Thermal stability of CR/CSM rubber blends filled with nano and micro-silica particles,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 881–888, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. Q. Liu, Y. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Properties of vulcanized rubber nanocomposites filled with nanokaolin and precipitated silica,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 42, no. 1-2, pp. 232–237, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. D. B. de Sousa and C. H. Scuracchio, “Vulcanization behavior of NBR with organically modified clay,” Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 263–272, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. H.-S. Jung, D.-S. Moon, and J.-K. Lee, “Quantitative analysis and efficient surface modification of silica nanoparticles,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, Article ID 593471, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Surya, H. Ismail, and A. R. Azura, “Alkanolamide as an accelerator, fillerdispersant and a plasticizer in silica-filled natural rubber compounds,” Polymer Testing, vol. 32, no. 8, Article ID 1321, 1313 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. J. J. Cai and R. Salovey, “Chemorheology of model filled rubber compounds during curing,” Polymer Engineering and Science, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1853–1858, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Zaborski and J. B. Donnet, “Activity of fillers in elastomer networks of different structure,” Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 87–100, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Klüppel, “Elasticity of fractal filler networks in elastomers,” Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 39–45, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. G. Marković, M. Marinović-Cincović, H. Valentova, M. Ilavsky, B. Radovanović, and J. Budinski-Simendić, “Curing characteristics and dynamic mechanical behaviour of reinforced acrylonltrile-butadiene/chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber blends,” Materials Science Forum, vol. 494, pp. 475–480, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Usuki, A. Tukigase, and M. Kato, “Preparation and properties of EPDM-clay hybrids,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 2185–2189, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Arroyo, M. A. López-Manchado, and B. Herrero, “Organo-montmorillonite as substitute of carbon black in natural rubber compounds,” Polymer, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 2447–2453, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Essawy and D. El-Nashar, “The use of montmorillonite as a reinforcing and compatibilizing filler for NBR/SBR rubber blend,” Polymer Testing, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 803–807, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. L. Teh, Z. A. M. Ishak, A. S. Hashim, J. Karger-Kocsis, and U. S. Ishiaku, “Effects of epoxidized natural rubber as a compatibilizer in melt compounded natural rubber-organoclay nanocomposites,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 2513–2521, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Zheng, Y. Zhang, Z. Peng, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of clay modification on the structure and mechanical properties of EPDM/montmorillonite nanocomposites,” Polymer Testing, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 217–223, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Z. F. Wang, B. Wang, N. Qi, H. F. Zhang, and L. Q. Zhang, “Influence of fillers on free volume and gas barrier properties in styrene-butadiene rubber studied by positrons,” Polymer, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 719–724, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Buggy, G. Bradley, and A. Sullivan, “Polymer-filler interactions in kaolin/nylon 6,6 composites containing a silane coupling agent,” Composites A, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 437–442, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Lu, H. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Preparation and properties of isobutylene-isoprene rubber (IIR)/clay nanocomposites,” Polymer Testing, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 12–17, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Poochai, P. Pae-on, and T. Pongpayoon, “Polyisoprene-coated silica/natural rubber composite,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 65, pp. 969–973, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. D. Athawale and M. A. Kulkarni, “Synthesis and performance evaluation of polyurethane/silica hybrid resins,” Pigment and Resin Technology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Rostami, M. Mohseni, and Z. Ranjbar, “Investigating the effect of pH on the surface chemistry of an amino silane treated nano silica,” Pigment and Resin Technology, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 363–373, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Samaržija-Jovanović, V. Jovanović, G. Marković, and M. Marinović-Cincović, “The effect of different types of carbon blacks on the rheological and thermal properties of acrylonitrile butadiene rubber,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 275–283, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. G. Marković, M. Marinović-Cincović, V. Jovanović, S. Samaržija-Jovanović, and J. Budinski-Simendić, “NR/CSM/biogenic silica rubber blend composites,” Composites B, vol. 55, pp. 368–373, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. K. Mandal and D. K. Basu, “Reactive compounds for effective utilization of silica,” Rubber Chemistry and Technology, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 672–686, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Samaržija-Jovanović, V. Jovanović, and G. Marković, “Thermal and vulcanization kinetic behaviour of acrylonitrile butadiene rubber reinforced by carbon black,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 797–803, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. V. Jovanović, J. Budinski-Simendić, S. Samaržija-Jovanović, G. Marković, and M. Marinović-Cincović, “The influence of carbon black on curing kinetics and thermal aging of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber,” Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 283–289, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  26. A. I. Lukomskaya, P. F. Badenkov, and L. M. Kepersha, Teplovie osnovi vulkanizacii rezinovih izdeliya, Moskva, Russia, 1972.
  27. D. Nichetti, “Determination of mechanical properties of silica compounds using a curing kinetic model,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 2401–2405, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Milani, E. Leroy, F. Milani, and R. Deterre, “Mechanistic modeling of reversion phenomenon in sulphur cured natural rubber vulcanization kinetics,” Polymer Testing, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1052–1063, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. V. Arrighi, S. Gagliardi, J. S. Higgins, A. Triolo, and J.-M. Zanotti, “Quasielastic neutron scattering as a probe of molecular motion in polymer-filler systems,” in Proceedings of the E-MRS Spring Meeting, N-15, Strasbourg, France, 2002.
  30. J. Fröhlich, W. Niedermeier, and H.-D. Luginsland, “The effect of filler-filler and filler-elastomer interaction on rubber reinforcement,” Composites A, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 449–460, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M.-J. Wang, “Effect of filler-elastomer interaction on tire tread performance part II—effects on wet friction of filled vulcanizates,” Kautschuk Gummi Kunststoffe, vol. 61, no. 1-2, pp. 33–42, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Heinrich and H. Klüppel, “The role of polymer-filler-interphase in reinforcement of elastomers,” Kautschuk Gummi Kunststoffe, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 452–454, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Gerspacher, “Advanced CB characterizations to better understand polymer-filler interaction: a critical survey,” Kautschuk Gummi Kunststoffe, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 233–239, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Pashaei, S. Siddaramaiah, and A. A. Syed, “Thermal characteristics of nanostructured filler incorporated polyvinyl ester nanocomposites,” International Journal of ChemTech Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 94–103, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Samaržija-Jovanović, V. Jovanović, G. Marković, S. Konstantinović, and M. Marinović-Cincović, “Nanocomposites based on silica reinforced ethylene-propylene-diene-monomer/acrylonitrile butadiene rubber blends,” Composites B, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1244–1250, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. I. Turku and T. Karki, “Research progress in wood-plastic nanocomposites: a review,” Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. S.-Y. Fu, X.-Q. Feng, B. Lauke, and Y.-W. Mai, “Effects of particle size, particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate-polymer composites,” Composites B, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 933–961, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Choudhury, A. K. Bhowmick, and M. Soddemann, “Effect of organo-modified clay on accelerated aging resistance of hydrogenated nitrile rubber nanocomposites and their life time prediction,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 95, no. 12, pp. 2555–2562, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Bhattacharjee, A. K. Bhowmick, and B. N. Avasthi, “Degradation of hydrogenated nitrile rubber,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 71–87, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. R. Choudhury and A. K. Bhowmick, “Ageing of natural rubber-polyethylene thermoplastic elastomeric composites,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 39–47, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus