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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 935101, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/935101
Research Article

Healthcare Waste Management: Qualitative and Quantitative Appraisal of Nurses in a Tertiary Care Hospital of India

1Community Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka 575018, India
2Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka 575018, India

Received 14 July 2014; Revised 6 November 2014; Accepted 12 November 2014; Published 20 November 2014

Academic Editor: Ann M. Mitchell

Copyright © 2014 Siddharudha Shivalli and Vasudha Sanklapur. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The nurse’s role in healthcare waste management is crucial. Objectives. (1) To appraise nurses quantitatively and qualitatively regarding healthcare waste management; (2) to elicit the determinants of knowledge and attitudes of healthcare waste management. Method. A cross-sectional study was undertaken at a tertiary care hospital of Mangalore, India. Self-administered pretested questionnaire and “nonparticipatory observation” were used for quantitative and qualitative appraisals. Percentage knowledge score was calculated based on their total knowledge score. Nurses’ knowledge was categorized as excellent (70%), good (50–70%), and poor (50%). Chi square test was applied to judge the association of study variables with their attitudes and knowledge. Results. Out of 100 nurses 47 had excellent knowledge (70% score). Most (86%) expressed the need of refresher training. No study variable displayed significant association with knowledge. Apt segregation practices were followed except in casualty. Patients and entourages misinterpreted the colored containers. Conclusion. Nurses’ knowledge and healthcare waste management practices were not satisfactory. There is a need of refresher trainings at optimum intervals to ensure sustainability and further improvement. Educating patients and their entourages and display of segregation information board in local language are recommended.