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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 952051, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/952051
Research Article

Ecological Effects of Roads on the Plant Diversity of Coastal Wetland in the Yellow River Delta

1Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research (YIC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes, YICCAS, Yantai, Shandong 264003, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266100, China

Received 22 February 2014; Revised 14 March 2014; Accepted 14 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Hong-bo Shao

Copyright © 2014 Yunzhao Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The 26 sample sites in 7 study plots adjacent to asphalt road and earth road in coastal wetland in the Yellow River Delta were selected to quantify plant diversity using quadrat sampling method in plant bloom phase of July and August 2012. The indice of and Jaccard’s coefficient were applied to evaluate the species diversity. The results showed that the plant diversities and alien plants were high in the range of 0–20 m to the road verge. There were more exotics and halophytes in plots of asphalt roadside than that of earth roadside. However, proportion of halophytes in habitats of asphalt roadsides was lower than that of earth roadside. By comparing -diversity, there were more common species in the asphalt roadsides than that in the earth roadsides. The similarity of plant communities in studied plots of asphalt roadsides and earth roadsides increased with increasing the distance to road verge. The effect range of roads for plant diversity in study region was about 20 m to road verge. Our results indicate that the construction and maintenance of roads in wetland could increase the plant species diversities of communities and risk of alien species invasion.