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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 985149, 13 pages
Research Article

The Technical Efficiency of Specialised Milk Farms: A Regional View

1Faculty of Business Administration, Department of Business Economics, University of Economics, Prague, W. Churchill Square 4, 130 67 Prague 3, Czech Republic
2Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6, Czech Republic

Received 25 March 2014; Revised 25 May 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 22 June 2014

Academic Editor: Juan J. Loor

Copyright © 2014 Jindřich Špička and Luboš Smutka. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the article is to evaluate production efficiency and its determinants of specialised dairy farming among the EU regions. In the most of European regions, there is a relatively high significance of small specialised farms including dairy farms. The DEAVRS method (data envelopment analysis with variable returns to scale) reveals efficient and inefficient regions including the scale efficiency. In the next step, the two-sample -test determines differences of economic and structural indicators between efficient and inefficient regions. The research reveals that substitution of labour by capital/contract work explains the variability of the farm net value added per AWU (annual work unit) income indicator by more than 30%. The significant economic determinants of production efficiency in specialised dairy farming are farm size, herd size, crop output per hectare, productivity of energy, and capital (at ). Specialised dairy farms in efficient regions have significantly higher farm net value added per AWU than inefficient regions. Agricultural enterprises in inefficient regions have a more extensive structure and produce more noncommodity output (public goods). Specialised dairy farms in efficient regions have a slightly higher milk yield, specific livestock costs of feed, bedding, and veterinary services per livestock unit.