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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 136434, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/136434
Research Article

Rescue and Emergency Management of a Man-Made Disaster: Lesson Learnt from a Collapse Factory Building, Bangladesh

1Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden

Received 18 July 2014; Revised 20 February 2015; Accepted 2 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jochen Hinkelbein

Copyright © 2015 Animesh Biswas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A tragic disaster occurred on April 24, 2013, in Bangladesh, when a nine storied building in a suburban area collapsed and killed 1115 people and injured many more. The study describes the process of rescue operation and emergency management services provided in the event. Data were collected using qualitative methods including in-depth interviews and a focus group discussion with the involved medical students, doctors, volunteers, and local people. Immediately after the disaster, rescue teams came to the place from Bangladesh Armed Forces, Bangladesh Navy, Bangladesh Air Force, and Dhaka Metropolitan and local Police and doctors, medical students, and nurses from nearby medical college hospitals and private hospitals and students from colleges and universities including local civil people. Doctors and medical students provided 24-hour services at the disaster place and in hospitals. Minor injured patients were treated at health camps and major injured patients were immediately carried to nearby hospital. Despite the limitations of a low resource setting, Bangladesh faced a tremendous challenge to manage the man-made disaster and experienced enormous support from different sectors of society to manage the disaster carefully and saved thousands of lives. This effort could help to develop a standard emergency management system applicable to Bangladesh and other counties with similar settings.