Table 11: Best result comparison with different algorithms for 40 thermal units’ system.

Algorithms40 thermal units ($) 
Best result
40 thermal units ($) 
Average result

CEP [21]123488.29124793.48
FEP [21]122679.71124119.37
MFEP [21]122647.57123489.74
IFEP [21]122624.35123382.00
EGA [21]122022.96122942.66
FIA [21]121823.80122662.48
SPSO [21]121787.39122474.40
QPSO [21]121448.21122225.07
DEC-SQP [7]121741.97122295.12
STHDE [22]121698.51122304.30
SDE [23]121412.78121412.54
HS121438.24122221.14
IHS121435.16122219.28
DHSPM121412.66121423.57