Table 5: Best result comparison with different algorithms for 3 thermal units’ system.

Algorithms3 thermal units ($) 
Best result
3 thermal units ($) 
Average result

CEP [21]8234.078235.97
FEP [21]8234.078234.24
MFEP [21]8234.088234.71
IFEP [21]8234.078234.16
EGA [21]8234.078234.41
FIA [21]8234.078234.26
SPSO [21]8234.078234.18
QPSO [21]8234.078234.10
HS8234.078234.15
IHS8234.078234.13
DHSPM8234.078234.09