Table 8: Best result comparison with different algorithms for 13 thermal units’ system.

Algorithms13 thermal units ($) 
Best result
13 thermal units ($) 
Average result

CEP [21]18048.2118190.32
FEP [21]18018.0018200.79
MFEP [21]18028.0918192.00
IFEP [21]17994.0718127.06
EGA [21]18019.1518144.95
FIA [21]18014.6118136.97
SPSO [21]17988.1518102.48
QPSO [21]17969.0118075.11
DEC-SQP [7]17963.94NR
STHDE [22]17963.89NR
IGA_MU [23]17963.98NR
SDE [24]17960.71NR
HS17963.9118065.12
IHS17962.8718042.14
DHSPM17960.5417994.16

NR: not reported.