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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 618658, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/618658
Research Article

Modelling the Effect of SPION Size in a Stent Assisted Magnetic Drug Targeting System with Interparticle Interactions

1Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2Materials Characterisation & Processing Group, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland

Received 28 September 2014; Accepted 1 February 2015

Academic Editor: Pradip Paik

Copyright © 2015 Adil Mardinoglu and P. J. Cregg. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and it is caused by the interaction of genomic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Although chemotherapy is one way of treating cancers, it also damages healthy cells and may cause severe side effects. Therefore, it is beneficial in drug delivery in the human body to increase the proportion of the drugs at the target site while limiting its exposure at the rest of body through Magnetic Drug Targeting (MDT). Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are derived from polyol methods and coated with oleic acid and can be used as magnetic drug carrier particles (MDCPs) in an MDT system. Here, we develop a mathematical model for studying the interactions between the MDCPs enriched with three different diameters of SPIONs (6.6, 11.6, and 17.8 nm) in the MDT system with an implanted magnetizable stent using different magnetic field strengths and blood velocities. Our computational analysis allows for the optimal design of the SPIONs enriched MDCPs to be used in clinical applications.