Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 650492, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/650492
Review Article

Insight in the Chemistry of Laser-Activated Dental Bleaching

1Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontology, Ghent Dental Laser Centre, Ghent Dental Photonics Research Clustre, Dental School, Ghent University, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185-P8, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John van Geest Centre for Brain Repair and Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council Stem Cell Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biosciences Campus, Clifford Allbutt Building, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK
3SOLA Academy, Bernhard Gottlieb University Clinic of Dentistry, Sensengaße 2A, 1090 Vienna, Austria
4The School of Dentistry, University of Queensland, Clinical Building, Room 216, 200 Turbot Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia

Received 14 August 2014; Accepted 7 October 2014

Academic Editor: Samir Nammour

Copyright © 2015 Roeland Jozef Gentil De Moor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of optical radiation for the activation of bleaching products has not yet been completely elucidated. Laser light is suggested to enhance the oxidizing effect of hydrogen peroxide. Different methods of enhancing hydrogen peroxide based bleaching are possible. They can be classified into six groups: alkaline pH environment, thermal enhancement and photothermal effect, photooxidation effect and direct photobleaching, photolysis effect and photodissociation, Fenton reaction and photocatalysis, and photodynamic effect.