Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 705056, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/705056
Research Article

A Customizable Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata Building Block for the Synthesis of Classical and Reversible Circuits

1Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21511, Egypt
2School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK

Received 7 May 2015; Accepted 28 June 2015

Academic Editor: Jitendra Nath Roy

Copyright © 2015 Ahmed Moustafa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. H. Bennett, “Logical reversibility of computation,” IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 525–532, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  2. X. Ma, J. Huang, C. Metra, and F. Lombardi, “Reversible gates and testability of one dimensional arrays of molecular QCA,” Journal of Electronic Testing: Theory and Applications, vol. 24, no. 1–3, pp. 297–311, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. S. Lent, P. D. Tougaw, W. Porod, and G. H. Bernstein, “Quantum cellular automata,” Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. S. Lent and P. D. Tougaw, “Lines of interacting quantum-dot cells: a binary wire,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 6227–6233, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Askari, M. Taghizadeh, and K. Fardad, “Digital design using quantum-dot cellular automata (a nanotechnology method),” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE '08), pp. 952–955, IEEE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Askari, M. Taghizadeh, and K. Fardad, “Design and analysis of a sequential ring counter for QCA implementation,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE '08), pp. 933–936, May 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. S. Lent, P. D. Tougaw, and W. Porod, “Bistable saturation in coupled quantum dots for quantum cellular automata,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 714–716, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. B. Tahoori, J. Huang, M. Momenzadeh, and F. Lombardi, “Testing of quantum cellular automata,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 432–442, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Timler and C. S. Lent, “Maxwell's demon and quantum-dot cellular automata,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 1050–1060, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. D. Tougaw and C. S. Lent, “Dynamic behavior of quantum cellular automata,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 80, no. 8, pp. 4722–4736, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Timler and C. S. Lent, “Power gain and dissipation in quantum-dot cellular automata,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 823–831, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Ahmad and G. Bhat, “Novel code converters based on quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA),” International Journal of Science and Research, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 364–371, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. M. R. Beigh, M. Mustafa, and F. Ahmad, “Performance evaluation of efficient XOR structures in quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA),” Circuits and Systems, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 147–156, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Santra and U. Roy, “Design and implementation of quantum cellular automata based novel adder circuits,” International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. N. Bahar, M. A. Habib, and N. K. Biswas, “A Novel presentation of Toffoli gate in quantum-dot cellular automata,” International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 1–4, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. Rolih, Analysis of possible logical reversible gate realization in ternary quantum-dot cellular automata [Ph.D. thesis], University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2013, (Turkish).
  17. QCADesigner, Micro Systems and Nanotechnology group (Mina), 2012, http://www.mina.ubc.ca/qcadesigner.
  18. P. D. Tougaw and C. S. Lent, “Logical devices implemented using quantum cellular automata,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 1818–1825, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. J. Townsend and J. A. Abraham, “Complex gate implementations for quantum dot cellular automata,” in Proceedings of the 4th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology, pp. 625–627, August 2004. View at Scopus
  20. E. Fredkin and T. Toffoli, “Conservative logic,” International Journal of Theoretical Physics, vol. 21, no. 3-4, pp. 219–253, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  21. M. S. Al Mamun, I. Mandal, and M. Hasanuzzaman, “Design of universal shift register using reversible logic,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 1620–1625, 2012. View at Google Scholar