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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 841039, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/841039
Research Article

Emotional Intelligence Components in Alcohol Dependent and Mentally Healthy Individuals

Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (RCPBS), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51677, Iran

Received 9 January 2015; Revised 12 March 2015; Accepted 12 March 2015

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2015 Arash Mohagheghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Emotional intelligence might play an important role in the onset and persistence of different psychopathologies. This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and alcohol dependence. Methods. In this case-control study, participants included alcohol dependent individuals and mentally healthy inpatients. Each group consisted of 40 individuals (male/female: 1). The diagnosis was based on the criteria of the DSM-IV-TR using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-IV). All the participants completed Bar-On emotional intelligence test. Results. 20 males and 20 females were included in each group. Mean age of alcohol dependent participants and controls was 31.28 ± 7.82 and 34.93 ± 9.83 years in that order. The analyses showed that the alcohol dependent individuals had a significant difference compared with the control group and received lower scores in empathy, responsibility, impulse control, self-esteem, optimism, emotional consciousness, stress tolerance, autonomy, problem-solving, and total score of emotional intelligence components. Conclusion. Patients with alcohol dependence have deficits in components of emotional intelligence. Identifying and targeted training of the individuals with lower scores in components of emotional intelligence may be effective in prevention of alcohol dependence.