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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 919142, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/919142
Research Article

The Influence of Polymerization Type and Reinforcement Method on Flexural Strength of Acrylic Resin

1Department of Restorative Dentistry and Dental Materials, Dental School, Federal University of Goiás, Praça Universitária Esquina com 1a Avenida, s/n, Setor Universitário, 74605-220 Goiânia, GO, Brazil
2Department of Dental Materials, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Avenue Limeira, 901 Vila Rezende, 13414-903 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
3Department of Restorative Dentistry and Dental Materials, Dental School, State University of Londrina, Rua Pernambuco 540, Centro, 86020-120 Londrina, PR, Brazil

Received 30 July 2014; Accepted 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: Romeo Umberto

Copyright © 2015 Rodrigo Borges Fonseca et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength of acrylic resin bars by varying the types of resin polymerization and reinforcement methods. Fourteen groups () were created by the interaction of factors in study: type of resin (self-cured (SC) or heat-cured (HC)) and reinforcement method (industrialized glass fiber (Ind), unidirectional glass fiber (Uni), short glass fiber (Short), unidirectional and short glass fiber (Uni-Short), thermoplastic resin fiber (Tpl), and steel wire (SW)). Reinforced bars ( mm) were tested in flexural strength (0.5 mm/min) and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data (MPa) were submitted to factorial analysis, ANOVA, and Tukey and T-student tests (%) showing significant interaction (), for SC: Uni , Uni-Short , Ind , SW , Short , Tpl , Control SC and for HC: Ind , Uni , Short , Uni-Short , Tpl , SW , and Control HC . SEM analysis showed better fiber-resin interaction for HC. Nonimpregnated fibers, irrespective of their length, tend to improve fracture strength of acrylics.