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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 948793, 14 pages
Research Article

A Study of the Strategic Alliance for EMS Industry: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and GM (1, 1) Approach

1Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, 415 Jiangong, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
2International Relations Office, Lac Hong University, No. 10 Huynh Van Nghe Street, Bien Hoa, Dong Nai 71000, Vietnam

Received 13 April 2014; Revised 15 September 2014; Accepted 25 September 2014

Academic Editor: Jung-Fa Tsai

Copyright © 2015 Chia Nan Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Choosing a partner is a critical factor for success in international strategic alliances, although criteria for partner selection vary between developed and transitional markets. This study aims to develop effective methods to assist enterprise to measure the firms’ operation efficiency, find out the candidate priority under several different inputs and outputs, and forecast the values of those variables in the future. The methodologies are constructed by the concepts of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and grey model (GM). Realistic data in four consecutive years (2009–2012) a total of 20 companies of the Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS) industry that went public are completely collected. This paper tries to help target company—DMU1—to find the right alliance partners. By our proposed approach, the results show the priority in the recent years. The research study is hopefully of interest to managers who are in manufacturing industry in general and EMS enterprises in particular.