Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 958192, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/958192
Research Article

Use of Selected Essential Oils to Control Aflatoxin Contaminated Stored Cashew and Detection of Aflatoxin Biosynthesis Gene

1Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 1145, Saudi Arabia
2Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza 12619, Egypt

Received 23 August 2014; Revised 22 December 2014; Accepted 23 December 2014

Academic Editor: Valdir Cechinel Filho

Copyright © 2015 Abeer R. M. Abd El-Aziz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Doyle, L. Y. Beuchat, and T. Montville, Microbiologia de los Alimentos: Fundamentos y Fronteras, Acribia, Zaragoza, Spain, 2001.
  2. F. Requena, E. Y. Saume, and A. León, “Micotoxinas: enemigas silenciosas de la salud,” Ceniap Hoy, vol. 9, p. 32, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  3. FAO, 2012, http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx.
  4. P. Sekar, N. Yumnam, and K. Ponmurugan, “Screening and characterization of mycotoxin producing fungi from dried fruits and grains,” Advanced Biotechnology, vol. 6, pp. 12–15, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Kubatova, “Nové druhy toxinogenních penicilií nalezené na potravinách a jejích identifikace. (New species of toxinogenic Penicillium found in the foods and their identification),” in Sborník Prednášek: Aktuální Problematika Mikrobiologie Potravin II, pp. 103–107, Liblice-Byšice: Dum vedeckych pracovníku Akademie ved, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. M. Abdel-Gawad and A. A. Zohri, “Fungal flora and mycotoxins of six kinds of nut seeds for human consumption in Saudi Arabia,” Mycopathologia, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 55–64, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. A. Paranagama, K. H. T. Abeysekera, K. Abeywickrama, and L. Nugaliyadde, “Fungicidal and anti-aflatoxigenic effects of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (lemongrass) against Aspergillus flavus Link. Isolated from stored rice,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 86–90, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Kumar, R. Shukla, P. Singh, and N. K. Dubey, “Chemical composition, antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activities of Ocimum sanctum L. essential oil and its safety assessment as plant based antimicrobial,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 539–543, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. J. H. C. Nogueira, E. Gonçalez, S. R. Galleti, R. Facanali, M. O. M. Marques, and J. D. Felício, “Ageratum conyzoides essential oil as aflatoxin suppressor of Aspergillus flavus,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 55–60, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. R. T. da Silva Medeiros, E. Gonçalez, R. C. Felicio, and J. D. Felicio, “Evaluation of antifungal activity of Pittosporum undulatum L. essential oil against Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production,” Ciência e Agrotecnologia, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 71–76, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. A. Passone, N. S. Girardi, and M. Etcheverry, “Antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activity by vapor contact of three essential oils, and effects of environmental factors on their efficacy,” LWT—Food Science and Technology, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 434–444, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Kedia, B. Prakash, P. K. Mishra, and N. K. Dubey, “Antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic properties of Cuminum cyminum (L.) seed essential oil and its efficacy as a preservative in stored commodities,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 168-169, pp. 1–7, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. L. Czerwiecki, D. Czajkowska, and A. Witkowska-Gwiazdowska, “On ochratoxin A and fungal flora in Polish cereals from conventional and ecological farms. Part 1: occurrence of ochratoxin A and fungi in cereals in 1997,” Food Additives & Contaminants, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 470–477, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. M. Erami, S. J. Hashemi, S. A. Pourbakhsh et al., “Application of PCR on detection of aflatoxinogenic fungi,” Archives of Razi Institute, vol. 62, pp. 95–100, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Yu, P.-K. Chang, K. C. Ehrlich et al., “Clustered pathway genes in aflatoxin biosynthesis,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 1253–1262, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. D. Davis, S. K. Iyer, and U. L. Diener, “Improved method of screening for aflatoxin with a coconut agar medium,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 1593–1595, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. M. Franco, C. A. Fente, B. I. Vázquez, A. Cepeda, G. Mahuzier, and P. Prognon, “Interaction between cyclodextrins and aflatoxins Q1, M1 and P1:fluorescence and chromatographic studies,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 815, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. U. L. Diener and N. D. Davis, “Aflatoxin production by isolates of Aspergillus flavus,” Phytopathology, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 1390–1393, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. O. Lima, O. F. Gompertz, A. M. Giesbrecht, and M. Q. Paulo, “In vitro antifungal activity of essential oils obtained from officinal plants against dermatophytes,” Mycoses, vol. 36, no. 9-10, pp. 333–336, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. A. Mostafa, A. N. Al-Rahmah, and A. Abdel-Megeed, “Evaluation of some plant extracts for their antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activities,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 5, no. 17, pp. 4231–4238, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Christian, HPLC Tips and Tricks, Iden Press, Oxford, UK, 1990.
  22. O. E. Amer, M. A. Mahmoud, A.-R. M. A. El-Samawaty, and S. R. M. Sayed, “Non liquid nitrogen-based-method for isolation of DNA from filamentous fungi,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 10, no. 65, pp. 14337–14341, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. A. Murphy, S. Hendrich, C. Landgren, and C. M. Bryant, “Food mycotoxins: an update,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 51–65, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. A. Fente, J. J. Ordaz, B. I. Vázquez, C. M. Franco, and A. Cepeda, “New additive for culture media for rapid identification of aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus strains,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 4858–4862, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. F. Al-Gahtani, R. M. Al-Othman, M. A. Mahmoud, and A. R. M. Abd El-Aziz, “Anti-aflatoxigenic effect of essential oils on Aspergillus Spp. Isolated from pistachio in Saudi Arabia,” African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 7, no. 25, pp. 3151–3159, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. C. S. Reddy, K. R. N. Reddy, M. Prameela, U. N. Mangala, and K. Muralidharan, “Identification of antifungal component in clove that inhibits Aspergillus spp. colonizing rice grains,” Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, vol. 37, pp. 87–94, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  27. I. Rasooli, M. H. Fakoor, D. Yadegarinia, L. Gachkar, A. Allameh, and M. B. Rezaei, “Antimycotoxigenic characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis and Trachyspermum copticum L. essential oils,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 122, no. 1-2, pp. 135–139, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  28. O. O. Atanda, I. Akpan, and F. Oluwafemi, “The potential of some spice essential oils in the control of A. parasiticus CFR 223 and aflatoxin production,” Food Control, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 601–607, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Rad, H. Afshari, M. M. Moghadam, S. Tahmasbi, H. Ziaolhagh, and A. Ebadi, “The study of antifungal effects of herbal essences on Aspergillus parasiticus, an aflatoxin producer in pistachio (Pistacia vera),” Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, vol. 5, no. 20, pp. 5155–5159, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Eweis, A. A. Imhemmed, and A. S. Gad, “Influence of Thymus serpyllum essential oil on Aspergillus parasiticus morphology and aflatoxins production,” Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 322–332, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. I. Rasooli, M. B. Rezaei, and A. Allameh, “Ultrastructural studies on antimicrobial efficacy of thyme essential oils on Listeria monocytogenes,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 236–241, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  32. B. Ghfir, J. L. Fonvieille, and R. Dargent, “Influence of essential oil of Hyssopus officinalis on the chemical composition of the walls of Aspergillus fumigatus (Fresenius),” Mycopathologia, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 7–12, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  33. G. J. E. Nychas, “Natural antimicrobial from plants,” in New Methods of Food Preservation, G. W. Gould, Ed., pp. 58–89, Blackie Academic & Professional, Glasgow, UK, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  34. L. S. Nawar, “Prevention and control of fungi contaminated stored pistachio nuts imported to Saudi Arabia,” Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 105–112, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  35. V. K. Nakai, L. D. O. Rocha, E. Gonçalez, H. Fonseca, E. M. M. Ortega, and B. Corrêa, “Distribution of fungi and aflatoxins in a stored peanut variety,” Food Chemistry, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 285–290, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Khodavaisy, A. Maleki, B. Hossainzade et al., “Occurrence of fungal contamination in pistachio and peanut samples from retail shops in Sanandaj province,” African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 6, pp. 6781–6784, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Gallo, G. Stea, P. Battilani, A. F. Logrieco, and G. Perrone, “Molecular characterization of an Aspergillus flavus population isolated from maize during the first outbreak of aflatoxin contamination in Italy,” Phytopathologia Mediterranea, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 198–206, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus