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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2016, Article ID 7973638, 7 pages
Research Article

An Economic Analysis of Pigeonpea Seed Production Technology and Its Adoption Behavior: Indian Context

ICAR-Directorate of Seed Research, Mau, Uttar Pradesh 275103, India

Received 28 November 2015; Revised 18 March 2016; Accepted 22 May 2016

Academic Editor: Piotr Minkiewicz

Copyright © 2016 Govind Pal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study was based on primary data collected from 100 farmers in Gulbarga district of Karnataka, India, during the agricultural year 2013-2014. Study shows that average land holding size of pigeonpea seed farmers was higher in comparison to grain farmers and district average. The study illustrates a ratio of 32 : 68 towards fixed and variable costs in pigeonpea certified seed production with a total cost of 39436 and the gross and net returns were 73300 and 33864 per hectare, respectively. The total cost of cultivation, gross return, and net return in pigeonpea seed production were higher by around 23, 32, and 44 percent than grain production, respectively. Hence, production of certified seed has resulted in a win-win situation for the farmers with higher yield and increased returns. The decision of the farmer on adoption of seed production technology was positively influenced by his education, age, land holding, irrigated land, number of crops grown, and extension contacts while family size was influencing negatively. Higher yield and profitability associated with seed production can be effectively popularized among farmers, resulting in increased certified seed production.