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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 2403943, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2403943
Research Article

Development and Reliability of the Basic Skill Assessment Tool for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

1Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
2Rajanagarindra Institute of Child Development, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Correspondence should be addressed to Maethisa Pongsaksri; moc.liamg@pasihteam

Received 26 November 2016; Accepted 29 December 2016; Published 22 January 2017

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2017 Maethisa Pongsaksri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to improve upon the first version of the basic work skills assessment tool for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine interrater and intrarater reliability using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The modified tool includes 2 components: (1) three tasks measuring work abilities and work attitudes and (2) a form to record the number of verbal and nonverbal prompts. 26 participants were selected by purposive sampling and divided into 3 groups—group 1 (10 subjects, aged 11–13 years), group 2 (10, aged 14–16 years), and group 3 (6, aged 17–19 years). The results show that interrater reliabilities of work abilities and work attitudes were high in all groups except that the work attitude in group 1 was moderate. Intrarater reliabilities of work abilities in group 1 and group 2 were high. Group 3 was moderate. Intrarater reliabilities of work attitudes in group 1 and group 3 were high but not in group 2 in which they were moderate. Nevertheless, interrater and intrarater reliabilities in the total scores of all groups were high, which implies that this tool is applicable for adolescents aged 11–19 years with consideration of relevance for each group.