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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 3519487, 6 pages
Research Article

UV Activation of Persulfate for Removal of Penicillin G Antibiotics in Aqueous Solution

1Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran
2Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
3Health Promotion Research Center, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
4Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Babak Djahed; moc.liamg@dehajd.kabab

Received 7 April 2017; Revised 14 June 2017; Accepted 10 July 2017; Published 8 August 2017

Academic Editor: Sandra Babic

Copyright © 2017 Samira Norzaee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Penicillin G (PG) is one of the most widely consumed antibiotics around the world. Release of PG in environment may lead to contamination of water resources. The aim of the present work is to assess feasibility of applying UV-activated persulfate process in removal of PG from aquatic environments. The study examined the effect of pH (3–11), persulfate initial concentration (0.5–3 mM), reaction time (15–90 minutes), and initial concentration of PG (0.02–0.14 mM) on PG decomposition. Also, the pseudo-first-order kinetic model was used for kinetic analysis of PG removal. The results indicated that UV-activated persulfate process can effectively eliminate PG from water. The highest PG removal efficiency was obtained as 94.28% at pH 5, and the decomposition percentage was raised by increasing persulfate dose from 0.5 to 3 mM and the reaction time from 15 to 90 minutes. Besides, the removal efficiency decreased through increasing the initial concentration of PG. UV-activated persulfate process effectively decomposes PG and eliminates it from water.