Table 3: Factors associated with 10-year CVD risk estimate among females based on the baseline of The Malaysian Cohort subjects, 2006-2012 (n=30,459).

Factors10-year CVD risk estimate based on lipid profile10-year CVD risk estimate based on BMI
Adjuste geometric mean estimate of risk 95 CIEffect size (partial )p-valueAdjuste geometric mean estimate of risk 95 CIEffect size (partial )p-value

Ethnicity0.008<0.0010.007<0.001
 Malay4.84.7 - 4.9Ref.4.94.8 - 4.9Ref.
 (n=10,873)
 Chinese3.73.6 - 3.8<0.0014.03.9 - 4.1<0.001
 (n=9,818)
 Indian4.64.5 - 4.70.0304.74.6 - 4.80.035
 (n=5,719)
 Others4.74.6 - 4.8≈1.0005.04.9 - 5.10.187
 (n=4,049)
Education Level0.006<0.0010.006<0.001
 No Schooling /5.04.9 - 5.0Ref.5.15.0 - 5.2Ref.
 Primary School
 (n=8,473)
 Secondary School4.44.3 - 4.5<0.0014.64.5 - 4.6<0.001
 (n=14,875)
 University / College4.03.9 - 4.1<0.0014.34.1 - 4.3<0.001
 (n=7,111)
Locality<0.0010.052<0.0010.036
 Rural4.44.3 - 4.5Ref.4.64.5 - 4.6Ref.
 (n=6,538)
 Urban4.54.4 - 4.50.0524.74.6 - 4.70.036
 (n=23,921)
Physical Activity Level<0.0010.064<0.0010.179
 Low4.54.4 - 4.6Ref.4.74.6 - 4.8Ref.
 (n=7,775)
 Moderate4.44.3 - 4.50.0874.64.5 - 4.60.257
 (n=13,112)
 High4.44.3 - 4.50.1224.64.5 - 4.70.312
 (n=9,572)

CI, confidence interval; CVD, cardiovascular disease; n, sample size; Ref, reference group.
lso adjusted for age, each tested factor, and interactions between each tested factor.