Table 1: A demographic comparison between mothers who deliver in healthcare facilities and nonhealthcare facilities in Indonesia (n=17,401).

VariablesPlace of delivery
Healthcare facilities Nonhealthcare facilities
n%n%

Age (years)
 15–1925045.030655.0114.190
 20–24160649.3164950.7p=0.001
 25–29275455.7219044,3
 30–34251558.8176541.2
 35–39171959.0119341.0
 40–4465653.557146.5
 45–4911048.511751.5
Education level
 No education9217.045083,.01908.509
 Primary191035.8342764.2p=0.001
 Secondary573762.5344337.5
 Tertiary187179.947120.1
Place of residence
 Urban609077.3179222.72830.044
 Rural352037.0599963.0p=0.001
Working status
 Yes455154.2385345.87.581
 No505956.2393843.8p=0.005
Involvement in decision-
making
 Yes819055.6652844.414.302
 No142052.9126347.1p=0.001
Economic status
 Lowest128324.5395075.53748.526
 Lower middle178251.5167748.5p=0.001
 Medium199063.4115136.6
 Upper middle226077.067623.0
 Highest229587.233712.8
ANC visits
 <4301240.8436259.21070.251
 ≥4659865.8342934.2p=0.001

Total961055.2779144.8

Note: p<0.05; p < 0.01; p < 0.001.