Table of Contents
Ulcers
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 594532, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/594532
Clinical Study

Fat Restriction Is Associated with Impaired Quality of Life in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease

1Department of Health and Nutrition, Osaka Shoin Women's University, 4-2-26 Hishiyanishi, Higashiosaka-shi, Osaka 577-8550, Japan
2Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, 35 Imakumano-kitahiyoshi-cho, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto 605-8501, Japan
3Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoin kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan
4Department of Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoin kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan

Received 9 August 2010; Accepted 21 September 2010

Academic Editor: Gyula Mozsik

Copyright © 2011 A. Kuwabara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease, is reported to be associated with impaired health-related quality of life (QOL). Although decreased QOL in these subjects has been reported to be associated with various factors, the effect of nutritional therapy, especially nutrients intake on QOL has received less attention. In this study, we evaluated the various factors including nutrients intake on QOL using SF-8 in 64 patients with IBD. Patients with IBD seem to have decreased QOL especially in the mental aspects. The percentage energy intake from fat of total energy fat intake (% energy) of the whole subjects, was lower than those of the annual National Nutrition Survey in Japan. Multiple regression analyses revealed that fat intake (% energy) was a significant predictor for mental component summary. In conclusion, fat restriction contributes to impaired QOL especially in the mental aspects in IBD patients.