Table of Contents
Urban Studies Research
Volume 2013, Article ID 383109, 11 pages
Research Article

Developing Student Housing Quality Scale in Higher Institutions of Learning: A Factor Analysis Approach

1Department of Building Technology, Kumasi Polytechnic, P.O. Box 854, Kumasi, Ghana
2Institute for Housing, Urban and Real Estate Research, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
3Department of Management Studies Education, University of Education, P.O. Box 1277, Winneba, Ghana
4AIT Business School, Accra Institute of Technology, P.O. Box AN 19782, Accra, Ghana
5Lord Ashcroft International Business School, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK

Received 2 June 2013; Revised 31 August 2013; Accepted 9 September 2013

Academic Editor: César Ducruet

Copyright © 2013 F. K. Bondinuba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The researchers developed an instrument for measuring student housing quality (SHQ) in Higher Institutions of Learning (HIL) in Ghana. The paper sought to validate the student housing quality scale (SHOQUAL) through factor analysis approach. 700 respondents were sampled from two public HIL in Ghana in a cross-sectional survey that used a self-administered structured questionnaire for data collection. Confirmatory factor fnalysis (CFA) was conducted to detect the underlying latent variables that significantly determine SHQ in Ghanaian HIL. The findings indicate that four emerged SHQ dimensions relevant to the research context were labelled as follows: core facility quality, enabling facility quality, support facility quality, and cost of housing. The constructs in the derived model possess high reliability and validity. Student housing service providers could conveniently use the derived instrument items for measuring SHQ in HIL. Implications are discussed and limitations are noted. The paper contributes to the literature in the areas of models of service quality in student housing management in HIL.