Konstantin K. Likharev, Alexander N. Korotkov, "Analysis of Q0-Independent Single-Electron Systems", VLSI Design, vol. 6, Article ID 046535, 4 pages, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/46535
Analysis of Q0-Independent Single-Electron Systems
The random distribution of the background charges is a serious problem for integrated digital single-electron devices with capacitive coupling. We propose the new principle of operation of the devices which does not suffer from this problem.
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