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VLSI Design
Volume 7 (1998), Issue 3, Pages 289-301

Post-Mapping Transformations for Low-Power Synthesis

Coordinated Science Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We propose a logic synthesis system that includes power optimization after technology mapping. Our approach is unique in that our post-mapping logic transformations take into account information on circuit delay, capacitance, arrival times, glitches, etc., to provide much better accuracy than previously proposed technology-independent power optimization methods. By changing connections in a mapped circuit, we achieve power improvements up to 13% in case of area- or delay-optimized circuits, with reductions also in area and delay. We show that by applying the proposed technique on circuits that are already restructured for lower switching activity using the technique presented in [11], total power savings up to 59% in case of area-optimized circuits and 38% in case of delay-optimized circuits are achievable. The post-mapping transformations are based on the transition density model of circuit switching activity and the concept of permissible logic functions. The techniques presented here are applicable equally well to both synchronous and asynchronous circuits. The power measurements are done under a general delay model.