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VLSI Design
Volume 13 (2001), Issue 1-4, Pages 211-220

Wigner Paths Method in Quantum Transport with Dissipation

Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Campi 213/A, Modena I-41100, Italy

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concept of Wigner paths in phase space both provides a pictorial representation of the quantum evolution of the system of interest and constitutes a useful tool for numerical solutions of the quantum equation describing the time evolution of the system. A Wigner path is defined as the path followed by a “simulative particle” carrying a σ-contribution of the Wigner function through the Wigner phase-space, and is formed by ballistic free flights separated by scattering processes (both scattering with phonons and with an arbitrary potential profile can be included), as for the case of semiclassical particles. Thus, the integral transport equation can be solved by a Monte Carlo technique by means of simulative particles following classical trajectories, in complete analogy to the “Weighted Monte Carlo” solution of the Boltzmann equation in the integral form.