Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2010, Article ID 149373, 6 pages
Research Article

Immunoprotective Effect of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) and Glucomannan on T-2 Toxin-Induced Immunodepression in Poultry

1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSKHPKV, Himachal Pradesh Palampur 176062, India
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSKHPKV, Himachal Pradesh Palampur 176062, India

Received 21 July 2010; Revised 11 October 2010; Accepted 20 October 2010

Academic Editor: William Ravis

Copyright © 2010 T. Ramasamy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. F. Surai and J. E. Dvorska, “Effects of mycotoxins on antioxidant and immunity,” in The Mycotoxin Blue Book, D. E. Diaz, Ed., pp. 93–138, Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. E. Corrier, “Mycotoxicosis: mechanisms of immunosuppression,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 73–87, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Ueno, M. Nakajima, K. Sakai, K. Ishii, N. Sato, and N. Shimada, “Comparative toxicity of trichothecene mycotoxins: inhibition of protein synthesis in animal cells,” Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 74, pp. 285–292, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. J. Pestka and G. S. Bondy, “Alteration of immune function following dietary mycotoxin exposure,” Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, vol. 68, no. 7, pp. 1009–1016, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. L. Ziprin and M. H. Elissalde, “Effects of T-2 toxin on resistance to systemic Salmonella typhimurium infection of newly hatched chickens,” American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1869–1872, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. R. Burmeister, J. J. Ellis, and S. G. Yates, “Correlation of biological to chromatographic data for two mycotoxins elaborated by Fusarium,” Applied Microbiology, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 673–675, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. O. Tapia, “A quantitative thin layer chromatography method for the analysis of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, T-2 toxin and sterigmatocystin in foodstuffs,” Revista Argentina de Microbiologia, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 183–186, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H.V. S. Chauhan and S. Roy, Eds., Poultry Diseases, Diagnosis and Treatment, New Age International, New Delhi, India, 2000.
  9. A. D. McEwan, E. W. Fisher, I. E. Selman, and W. J. Penhale, “A turbidity test for the estimation of immune globulin levels in neonatal calf serum,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 155–163, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  10. G. P. Talwar, Ed., A Hand Book of Practical Immunology, Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, India, 1983.
  11. “Immunological and serological tests,” in Textbook of Veterinary Clinical and Laboratory Diagnosis, R. S. Chauhan, Ed., pp. 224–225, Jaypee Brothers Medical, New Delhi, India, 1995.
  12. P. Phanuphak, J. W. Moorhead, and H. N. Claman, “Tolerance and contact sensitivity to DNFB in mice. I. In vivo detection by ear swelling and correlation with in vitro cell stimulation,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 115–123, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Sklan, E. Klipper, A. Friedman, M. Shelly, and B. Makovsky, “The effect of chronic feeding of diacetoxyscirpenol, T-2 toxin, and aflatoxin on performance, health, and antibody production in chicks,” Journal of Applied Poultry Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 79–85, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. K. Girish and G. Devegowda, “Evaluation of modified glucomannan (Mycosorb) and hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate to ameliorate the individual and combined toxicity of aflatoxin and T-2 toxin in broiler chickens,” in Proceedings of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium, vol. 16, pp. 126–129, Sydney, Australia, 2004.
  15. R. G. Shashidhara and G. Devegowda, “Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on broiler breeder production traits and immunity,” Poultry Science, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 1319–1325, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Amakye-Anim, T. L. Lin, P. Y. Hester, D. Thiagarajan, B. A. Watkins, and C. C. Wu, “Ascorbic acid supplementation improved antibody response to infectious bursal disease vaccination in chickens,” Poultry Science, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 680–688, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. C. Pier, “Influence of the mycotoxins on the immune system,” in Mycotoxins in Animal Feeds, J. E. Smith and R. S. Henderson, Eds., pp. 490–498, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. A. Marsh, G. F. Combs, M. E. Whitcare, and R. R. Dietert, “Effect of selenium and vitamin E dietary deficiences on chick lymphoid organ development,” Proceedings of the Society for Experimental EBiology and Medicine, vol. 182, pp. 425–436, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  19. P. Zhang, X. Ding, L. Mao, D. Li, and L. Li, “Anticancer activities of seabuckthorn seed oil and its effect on the weight of immune organs,” Seabuckthorn, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 31–34, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. K. Kadian, D. P. Monga, and M. C. Goel, “Effect of aflatoxin B on the delayed type hypersensitivity and phagocytic activity of reticuloendothelial system in chickens,” Mycopathologia, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 33–36, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. I. Tizard, Veterinary Immunology, An Introduction, W.B. Saunders Company, 1996.
  22. S. Geetha, M. S. Ram, V. Singh, G. Ilavazhagan, and R. C. Sawhney, “Effect of seabuckthorn on sodium nitroprusside-induced cytotoxicity in murine macrophages,” Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 463–467, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus