Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2010, Article ID 328123, 5 pages
Research Article

Effect of Crumble-Pellet and Mash Diets with Different Levels of Dietary Protein and Energy on the Performance of Broilers at the End of the Third Week

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Animal and Poultry, Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran, Iran

Received 4 July 2010; Revised 9 November 2010; Accepted 27 December 2010

Academic Editor: Sagar M. Goyal

Copyright © 2010 S. Jafarnejad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. Kamran, M. A. Mirza, A. U. Haq, and S. Mahmood, “Effect of decreasing dietary protein levels with optimum amino acids profile on the performance of broilers,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 24, pp. 165–168, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. S. Jahan, M. Asaduzzaman, and A. K. Sarkar, “Performance of broiler fed on mash, pellet and crumble,” International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 265–270, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. C. Calet, “The relative value of pellets versus mash and grain in poultry nutrition,” World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 23–52, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. H. Choi, B. S. So, K. S. Ryu, and S. L. Kang, “Effects of pelleted or crumbled diets on the performance and the development of the digestive organs of broilers,” Poultry Science, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 594–597, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Nir, R. Hillel, G. Shefet, and Z. Nitsan, “Effect of grain particle size on performance. 2. Grain texture interactions,” Poultry Science, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 781–791, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  6. I. Nir, Y. Twina, E. Grossman, and Z. Nitsan, “Quantitative effects of pelleting on performance, gastrointestinal tract and behaviour of meat-type chickens,” British Poultry Science, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 589–602, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  7. K. C. Behnke, “Why pellet?” in Proceedings of Kansas State University/American Feed Industry Association Pellet Conference, Manhattan, Kan, USA, 1998.
  8. J. L. Briggs, D. E. Maier, B. A. Watkins, and K. C. Behnke, “Effect of ingredients and processing parameters on pellet quality,” Poultry Science, vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 1464–1471, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. J. van Biljon, The effect of feed processing and feed texture on body weight, feed conversion and mortality in male broilers, dissertation, University of Pretoria, 2005.
  10. J. B. Allerd, L. S. Jensen, and J. Mc. Ginnis, “Studies on the growth promoting effect induced by pelleting feed,” Poultry Science, vol. 35, pp. 1130–1133, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  11. I. Nir, R. Hillel, I. Ptichi, and G. Shefet, “Effect of particle size on performance. 3. Grinding pelleting interactions,” Poultry Science, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 771–783, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. J. Agah and H. Norollahi, “Effect of feed form and duration time in growing period on broilers performance,” International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1074–1077, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. D. A. Fairfield, “Pelleting for profit—part 1,” National Grain and Feed Association Feed and Feeding Digest, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 1–5, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  14. K. E. Brickett, J. P. Dahiya, H. L. Classen, and S. Gomis, “Influence of dietary nutrient density, feed form, and lighting on growth and meat yield of broiler chickens,” Poultry Science, vol. 86, no. 10, pp. 2172–2181, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Leclercq and R. Escartin, “Further investigations on the effects of metabolizable energy content of diet on broiler performance,” Archiv für Geflügelkunde, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 93–96, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. W. Greenwood, K. R. Cramer, P. M. Clark, K. C. Behnke, and R. S. Beyer, “Influence of feed form on dietary lysine and energy intake and utilization of broilers from 14 to 30 days of age,” International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 189–194, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. A. Scott, “Evaluation of lighting programs, diet density, and short-term use of mash as compared to crumbled starter to reduce incidence of sudden death syndrome in broiler chicks to 35 days of age,” Canadian Journal of Animal Science, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 375–383, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. P. Holsheimer and C. H. Veerkamp, “Effect of dietary energy, protein, and lysine content on performance and yields of two strains of male broiler chicks,” Poultry Science, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 872–879, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  19. O. C. Onwudike, “Energy and protein requirements of broiler chicks in humid tropics,” Tropical Animal Production, vol. 8, pp. 39–44, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Leeson, L. Caston, and J. D. Summers, “Broiler response to energy or energy and protein dilution in the finisher diet,” Poultry Science, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 522–528, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  21. A. Leeson, J. D. Summers, and L. J. Caston, “Diet dilution and compensatory growth in broilers,” Poultry Science, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 867–873, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  22. Y. Han, H. Suzuki, C. M. Parsons, and D. H. Baker, “Amino acid fortification of a low-protein corn and soybean meal diet for chicks,” Poultry Science, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 1168–1178, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  23. S. Temim, A. M. Chagneau, S. Guillaumin, J. Michel, R. Peresson, and S. Tesseraud, “Does excess dietary protein improve growth performance and carcass characteristics in heat-exposed chickens?” Poultry Science, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 312–317, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Jackson, J. D. Summers, and S. Leeson, “Effect of dietary protein and energy on broiler performance and production costs,” Poultry Science, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 2232–2240, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  25. N. S. Ferguson, R. S. Gates, J. L. Taraba et al., “The effect of dietary crude protein on growth, ammonia concentration, and litter composition in broilers,” Poultry Science, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. 1481–1487, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. Si, C. A. Fritts, D. J. Burnham, and P. W. Waldroup, “Extent to which crude protein may be reduced in corn soybean meal based broiler diets through amino acid supplementation,” International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 46–50, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  27. H. Nawaz, T. Mushtaq, and M. Yaqoob, “Effect of varying levels of energy and protein on live performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks,” The Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 43, pp. 388–393, 2006. View at Google Scholar