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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 380680, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/380680
Review Article

Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in New Caledonia

1Direction Régionale du Service de Santé des Armées de Toulon, Service Vétérinaire des Armées, BP 860, 83800 Toulon Cedex 9, France
2Groupe de Travail en Epidémiologie Animale (GTEA) du Service de Santé des Armées, Secteur Vétérinaire de Marseille, BP 30182,13276 Marseille Cedex 9, France
3Conseiller Technique Vétérinaire auprés de la Direction Interarmées du Service de Santé des Forces Françaises en Nouvelle Calédonie, BP 2973, 98846 Nouméa Cedex, France
4Secteur Vétérinaire de Lyon, 9 rue du Mas Rillier, 69142 Rillieux-la-Pape Cedex, France

Received 15 October 2010; Revised 17 December 2010; Accepted 8 February 2011

Academic Editor: Georg Duscher

Copyright © 2011 S. Watier-Grillot et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Canine dirofilariosis is a frequent parasitic disease in New-Caledonia. A survey of canine heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infection among dogs from the cities of Tontouta, Nandaï and Nouméa, was performed in March 2009 using two antigen test kits; the microwell ELISA test: DiroCHE (Synbiotics Europe) and the Rapid Immuno Migration ( R I M ) test: WITNESS DIROFILARIA (Synbiotics Europe). Blood samples were collected from 64 dogs: 49 strays and 15 military working dogs. The military dogs received a permanent chemoprophylaxis (moxidectin). In 11 stray dogs, both tests were positive (22.4%). All the military dogs were negative, showing efficiency of chemoprophaxis. Results were discrepant in 6 dogs, negative with one test and doubtful with the other. Antigen heartworm test kits are available and reliable diagnostic tools. They are useful to evaluate the efficiency of chemoprophylaxis and to detect infected animals in order to treat them and to prevent the spreading of the disease.