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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 705358, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/705358
Research Article

Frequency of Toxoplasmosis in Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Trinidad

School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

Received 27 February 2011; Revised 29 August 2011; Accepted 17 October 2011

Academic Editor: David Polzin

Copyright © 2011 Anil Persad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis has been reported to occur in several animals and humans causing different clinical manifestations. The study was conducted to determine the frequency of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies (IgG) in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) across farms in Trinidad using a latex agglutination test. Of a total of 333 water buffalo tested, 26 (7.8%) were seropositive for T. gondii antibodies. Seropositivity for toxoplasmosis was statistically significantly ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ; χ2) higher in adult water buffalo, 12.4% (14 of 113) compared with young water buffalo, 4.2% (6 of 143). Seropositivity for toxoplasmosis across the seven farms ranged from 0.0% (0 of 20) in Farm G compared with 20.0% (10 of 50) detected in Farm B. The differences in seropositivity by management system, free-ranging 6.7% (14 of 213) and semi-intensive 10.0% (12 of 120) and by sex, in male 6.7% (7 of 104) and female 8.3% (19 of 229) water buffalo, were not statistically significant ( 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ; χ2). This is the first documentation of toxoplasmosis in water buffalo in Trinidad.