Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 915747, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/915747
Research Article

Bovine Leukemia Virus Infection in Dairy Cattle: Effect on Serological Response to Immunization against J5 Escherichia coli Bacterin

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA

Received 5 October 2010; Accepted 7 February 2011

Academic Editor: Daral J. Jackwood

Copyright © 2011 Ronald J. Erskine et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Schwartz and D. Lévy, “Pathobiology of bovine leukemia virus,” Veterinary Research, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 521–536, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. United States department of agriculture-animal plant health inspection service, veterinary service, national animal health monitoring service 1996 Dairy Info Sheet, pp. 1-2, 1997.
  3. H. Kabeya, K. Ohashi, and M. Onuma, “Host immune responses in the course of bovine leukemia virus infection,” Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 703–708, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. M. Sordillo, C. R. Hicks, and G. M. Pighetti, “Altered interleukin-2 production by lymphocyte populations from bovine leukemia virus-infected cattle,” Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 207, no. 3, pp. 268–273, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Konnai, T. Usui, K. Ohashi, and M. Onuma, “The rapid quantitative analysis of bovine cytokine genes by real-time RT-PCR,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 283–294, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. M. Stone, A. J. Hof, and W. C. Davis, “Up-regulation of IL-2 receptor α and MHC class II expression on lymphocyte subpopulations from bovine leukemia virus infected lymphocytotic cows,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 48, no. 1-2, pp. 65–76, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. J. Erskine, C. Corl, J. C. Gandy et al., “Bovine leukosis virus infection in dairy cattle: effect on lymphocyte proliferation and apoptosis,” accepted for American Journal Veterinary Research.
  8. J. W. Tyler, J. S. Cullor, and J. D. Dellinger, “Cross-reactive affinity purification of immunoglobulin recognizing common gram-negative bacterial core antigens,” Journal of Immunological Methods, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 221–226, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Chaiyotwittayakun, J. L. Burton, P. S. D. Weber, K. Kizilkaya, F. F. Cardoso, and R. J. Erskine, “Hyperimmunization of steers with J5 Escherichia coli bacterin: effects on isotype-specific serum antibody responses and cross reactivity with heterogeneous gram-negative bacteria,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 87, no. 10, pp. 3375–3385, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. “Hypothesis testing in repeated measures analysis,” SAS/STAT(R) 9.2 User's Guide, Second Edition, http://support.sas.com/documentation/cdl/en/statug/63033/HTML/default/viewer.htm#statug_glm_sect036.htm.
  11. J. S. Hogan, W. P. Weiss, D. A. Todhunter, K. L. Smith, and P. S. Schoenberger, “Efficacy of an Escherichia coli J5 mastitis vaccine in an experimental challenge trial,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 415–422, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. M. Tomita, C. H. Ray, S. C. Nickerson, W. E. Owens, and G. F. Gallo, “A comparison of two commercially available Escherichia coli J5 vaccines against E. coli intramammary challenge,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 2276–2281, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. J. Wilson, B. A. Mallard, J. L. Burton, Y. H. Schukken, and Y. T. Gröhn, “Milk and serum J5-specific antibody responses, milk production change, and clinical effects following intramammary Escherichia coli challenge for J5 vaccinate and control cows,” Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 693–699, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. J. Wilson, B. A. Mallard, J. L. Burton, Y. H. Schukken, and Y. T. Grohn, “Association of Escherichia coli J5-specific serum antibody responses with clinical mastitis outcome for J5 vaccinate and control dairy cattle,” Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 209–217, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. J. Erskine, E. J. VanDyk, P. C. Bartlett, J. L. Burton, and M. C. Boyle, “Effect of hyperimmunization with an Escherichia coli J5 bacterin in adult lactating dairy cows,” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 231, no. 7, pp. 1092–1097, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. J. Guidry, L. M. Berning, and C. N. Hambleton, “Opsonization of Staphylococcus aureus by bovine immunoglobulin isotypes,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 76, no. 5, pp. 1285–1289, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Amills, J. Norimine, C. A. Olmstead, and H. A. Lewin, “Cytokine mRNA expression in B cells from bovine leukemia virus-infected cattle with persistent lymphocytosis,” Cytokine, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 25–28, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Florins, M. Boxus, F. Vandermeers et al., “Emphasis on cell turnover in two hosts infected by bovine leukemia virus: a rationale for host susceptibility to disease,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 125, no. 1-2, pp. 1–7, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Archambault, G. Morin, and M. A. Elazhary, “Possible impairment of rotavirus immune response in cattle infected with BLV,” Veterinary Record, vol. 124, no. 21, pp. 570–572, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. W. Nagy, J. W. Tyler, and S. B. Kleiboeker, “Timing of seroconversion and acquisition of positive polymerase chain reaction assay results in calves experimentally infected with bovine leukemia virus,” American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 72–75, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus