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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 923149, 18 pages
Review Article

Renewed Global Partnerships and Redesigned Roadmaps for Rabies Prevention and Control

1Global Alliance for Rabies Control, 529 Humboldt Street, Suite 1, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
2Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health, and Comparative Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
3Sanofi Pasteur, 2 avenue Pont Pasteur, 69367 Lyon Cedex 07, France
4Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
5Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy
6Dodet Bioscience, 6 bis rue de Verdun, 69300 Caluire et Cuire, France
7Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
8World Society for the Protection of Animals, Programmes Department, 222 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, UK
9Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, PANAFTOSA, Avenue Presidente Kennedy 7778, 25040-004 Duque de Caxias CEP, RJ, Brazil
10World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
11Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Seestrasse 55, 16868 Wusterhausen, Germany
12Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, New Agricultural Building, R9-13, South Africa
13Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road North East, Atlanta, GA, USA
14Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3851 Fallowfield Road, P.O. Box 11300, Station H, Nepean, ON, Canada K2H 8P9

Received 15 October 2010; Revised 9 February 2011; Accepted 24 February 2011

Academic Editor: Craig Stephen

Copyright © 2011 Tiziana Lembo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Canine rabies, responsible for most human rabies deaths, is a serious global public health concern. This zoonosis is entirely preventable, but by focusing solely upon rabies prevention in humans, this “incurable wound” persists at high costs. Although preventing human deaths through canine rabies elimination is feasible, dog rabies control is often neglected, because dogs are not considered typical economic commodities by the animal health sector. Here, we demonstrate that the responsibility of managing rabies falls upon multiple sectors, that a truly integrated approach is the key to rabies elimination, and that considerable progress has been made to this effect. Achievements include the construction of global rabies networks and organizational partnerships; development of road maps, operational toolkits, and a blueprint for rabies prevention and control; and opportunities for scaling up and replication of successful programs. Progress must continue towards overcoming the remaining challenges preventing the ultimate goal of rabies elimination.