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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2012, Article ID 672107, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/672107
Review Article

Diagnostic Imaging of Canine Hepatobiliary Affections: A Review

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP Agricultural University, Himachal, Palampur Pradesh 176062, India

Received 3 October 2011; Revised 6 December 2011; Accepted 3 January 2012

Academic Editor: Pedro J. Ginel

Copyright © 2012 Vijay Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hepatic disease is often treatable and has a predictable prognosis when a definitive diagnosis is made. The aim of clinicopathological evaluation of hepatobiliary affections is to identify and characterize hepatic damage and dysfunction, identify possible primary causes of secondary liver disease, differentiate causes of icterus, evaluate potential anaesthetic risks, assess prognosis and response to xenobiotics, and monitor response to therapy. This paper describes the different diagnostic methods and imaging techniques employed in diagnosis of hepatobiliary affections in dogs. Besides reviewing the significant clinical manifestations and imaging structural abnormalities in diagnostic approach to different hepatic affections, it also depicts radiographic, ultrasonographic, and wherever applicable, the laparoscopic characterization of different hepatic affections and target lesions encountered in clinical cases presented in the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, COVAS, Palampur in the year 2007-2008.