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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 865924, 5 pages
Research Article

Tuberculosis in Humans and Cattle in Jigawa State, Nigeria: Risk Factors Analysis

1Department of Veterinary Surgery and Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P.O. Box 720, Zaria, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, P.O. Box 720, Ibadan, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P.O. Box 720, Zaria, Nigeria
4Animal Reproduction, Unit Jigawa Research Institute, 2646 Kazaure, Nigeria

Received 28 October 2011; Revised 31 March 2012; Accepted 29 April 2012

Academic Editor: Suresh Tikoo

Copyright © 2012 S. Ibrahim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2008 to March 2009 to identify risk factors for BTB in cattle and humans in Jigawa State, Nigeria. A total of 855 cattle belonging to 17 households were subjected to comparative intradermal tuberculin test (CITT) while interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtains information on the risk factors. Twenty-two (22) respondent (5%) amongst the families sampled had TB or clinical signs suggestive of TB, while 9 (2%) had reactor cattle in their herds; However, no statistically significant association ( 𝑃 0 . 0 5 ) was observed between reactor cattle and human TB cases in the households. The habit of milk and meat consumption was found to be affected by occupation and location of the household residence. None of these risk factors (food consumption, living with livestock in the same house, and presence of BTB-positive cattle) were found to be statistically significant.