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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 764193, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/764193
Research Article

Epidemiological Observations on Cryptosporidiosis in Diarrheic Goat Kids in Greece

1Clinic of Farm Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University, 546 27 Thessaloniki, Greece
2Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
3Department of Pathology and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, Jordan
4National Veterinary Laboratory, 69100 Komotini, Greece
5Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA

Received 29 October 2015; Accepted 13 December 2015

Academic Editor: Yoshiaki Hikasa

Copyright © 2015 Nektarios D. Giadinis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. in diarrheic goat kids in Greece and the risk factors associated with cryptosporidiosis. Altogether, 292 diarrheic 4–15-day-old goat kids from 54 dairy goat herds of Northern Greece were examined. Oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp. were detected in 223 of 292 (76.4%) goat kids and the intensity of infection was scored as “high” in 142 samples, “moderate” in 45 samples, and “low” in 36 samples. Larger herds (>200 animals) had higher infection rates than smaller ones, although this difference was not statistically significant. Significantly higher infection rates were observed in herds during late kidding season (1 January to 30 April) compared to the early one (1 September to 31 December). These results suggest that cryptosporidiosis is very common in diarrheic goat kids in Greece, especially in large herds during the late parturition season.